The basic objective of each country''s foreign policy is to ensure that it can enhance or maintain its own national interests in the international community. Especially after the decriminalization of war, how to use foreign policy to achieve national interests has become a major issue for all countries. on July, 2007, Cristina Elisabet Fernández Wilhem de Kirchner won the Argentine presidential election, and on December 10, 2007 she assumed the Argentine presidency. On October 23, 2011, Fernández earned the re-election. Then Fernández was limited by the Argentine constitution, each president can be re-elected once, so she retired on December 10, 2015.
Recalling back to the 2001 financial crisis in Argentina, Argentina was not only suffering form the internal affairs, economic, social unrest, and in the international arena, the country''s international status was also affected. In 2003 Néstor Carlos Kirchner took office. In the internal affairs, Kirchner successfully made the country grow, as in diplomacy, he abandoned the Menem government''s pro-US diplomacy, switch to multilateral foreign policy, so that Argentina had a new diplomatic climate.
Unlike the pro-American diplomacy during the Menem period and the anti-American diplomacy during the Chavez government in Venezuela, the multilateral foreign policy adopted in the term of Fernández was flexible and pragmatic. The kind of the foreign policy was a good medicine for the promotion of Argentina''s national interests . Therefore, this paper through the framework of Multilateralism theory emphasized by Fernández clarifies the background, policies and other related actions of the foreign policy of the government of the Fernández government, and finally evaluates the advantages and disadvantages of the national interests of Argentina in the author''s view.