如果想瞭解墨裔美人在美國的各領域的現象與發展，除了要認識其先天地理條件、種族血統等背景之外，最直接同時最能反映渠等生活適應與社會文化衝擊融合之現象者，莫過於文化領域中文學作品裡的描述，這些探討墨西哥民族從哪裡來，往哪裡去的文學作品不論是出自於諾貝爾文學獎得主-奧克塔維奧·帕斯（Octavio Paz，1914-1998）之手，亦或作者本身就是具有墨裔美人身分之當代大文豪-魯道福•安納亞（Rudolfo Anaya，1937-），或墨西哥大文豪-卡洛斯．富安蒂斯（Carlos Fuentes，1928-2012）筆者認為其說服力將不容置疑，他們在散文、詩詞、小說的字裡行間「反映社會、表現人生」在當今探討奇卡諾文化或墨西哥民族認同上有其代表性與重要意義。也就不難瞭解文化層面在不同族裔文化有其自然競爭法則，難以藉政治力撼動，並能藉由時間的推移，兼容並蓄繁衍提升為更有內涵之新國族文化。
The United States has always expected itself to be one of the world''s melting pots, and it is also one of the destinations for immigrants throughout the world. Among the ethnic groups using Spanish, Mexicans account for the highest percentage. In this case, Mexican Americans, The inhabitants of the southwestern states before the Mexican war, or the immigrants who came to the United States successively, how did they live in the United States? They endured pressure from racial discrimination, economics, education, culture and social integration. At the same time they will inevitably bring considerable pressure to the Americans, in their unique habits, religion, language and cultural identity and so on.
The research method of this thesis mainly adopts the historical research method and the literature analysis method, so as to understand the relationship between the United States and Mexico in history and geography has an inseparable relationship, the economy also because of the North American free trade agreement to deepen the Mexican dependence on the United States, and then The United States in the blue-collar and heavy labor force also rely on the Mexicans, this environment, the Mexicans in the United States, through the family, community, civil society organizations, mutual support, in language, religion, culture still retain its tradition, and even Still proud of the Mexicans themselves. Compared to other ethnic immigrants, after two or three generations can be a considerable degree of integration into the local life, and agree that they are different for the Americans. Mexican people are difficult to assimilate the reason is a strong cultural dictates, self-cultural identity of the original right and proper, but if the alien aggression, colonization, high pressure rule and racial discrimination, the heart will stimulate a stronger national consciousness.
If you want to understand the Mexican-American in the United States in various fields of the phenomenon and development, in addition to to understand its innate geographical conditions, ethnic origin and other background, the most direct and most able to reflect the drainage and other social and cultural impact of the integration of the phenomenon , Than in the cultural field in the description of literary works. These literary works of the Mexican national culture, such as Octavio Paz (1914-1998), were written by the Nobel Prize winner, or the author himself as a Mexican-American Rudolfo Anaya (1937-), or Mexican writer - Carlos Fuentes (1928-2012). I think that the persuasiveness of their works will be unquestionable, and that their "reflection of society and manifestation of life" in the lines of prose, poetry and novels is representative and important in today''s exploration of the Chicano culture or the Mexican national identity. It is not difficult to understand the cultural level in different ethnic culture has its own laws of natural competition, it is difficult to influence by political power, but it can be compatible with the promotion of more content to the new national culture, by the time to move forward.