A series of B-ring, halo-substituted chalcones and azachalcones were synthesized to evaluate and compare their anti-inflammatory activity. Mouse BALB/c macrophage RAW 264.7 were pre-treated with 10 μg/mL of each compound for one hour before induction of inflammation by lipopolysaccharide (1 μg/mL) for 6 h. Some halo-chalcones and -azachalcones suppressed expression of pro-inflammatory factors toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), IκB-α, transcription factor p65, interleukine 1β (IL-1β), IL-6, tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α), and cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2). The present results showed that the synthetic halo-azachalcones exhibited more significant inhibition than halo-chalcones. Therefore, the nitrogen atom in this series of azachalcones must play a more crucial role than the corresponding C-2 hydroxyl group of chalcones in biological activity. Our findings will lay the background for the future development of anti-inflammatory nutraceuticals.