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    題名: Effect of solvent on the dipole rotation of poly(vinylidene fluoride) during porous membrane formation by precipitation in alcohol baths
    作者: Hsu-Hsien Chang;Liang-Kuei Chang;Cheng-Dau Yang;Dar-Jong Lin;Liao-Ping Cheng
    日期: 2017-04-21
    上傳時間: 2018-03-02 12:14:02 (UTC+8)
    摘要: Microporous PVDF membranes were prepared by isothermal immersion precipitation of PVDF/DMSO and PVDF/TEP casting dopes in different alcohol baths. The formed membranes exhibited the so-called particulate morphology, being packed by interconnected crystalline particles of a similar size. For the alcohol/TEP/PVDF system, the particles appeared as sheaf-like spherulites consisting of curled lamellae with thickness of ∼15 nm. In contrast, for the alcohol/DMSO/PVDF system, the formed membranes comprise relatively compact globules whose surface was covered with granular objects of ca. 30 nm dia. Wide angle X-ray diffraction patterns of the membranes indicate that the sheaf-like crystals were of the α-type structure, while the compact globules the γ-type structure, as were confirmed by FTIR-ATR analyses. 19F NMR spectroscopy indicated that PVDF chains exhibited TG+TG− conformation in TEP and T3G+T3G− conformation in DMSO. These conformations remained unchanged during immersion-precipitation to yield the α- and γ-type crystal structures. The crystallinity of the membranes, as determined by X-ray diffraction and differential scanning calorimetry, was found to be ∼68%. Furthermore, desalination by membrane-distillation of 3.5% NaCl(aq) feed at 50 °C were carried to see the desalination capability of the membranes. High fluxes (10–13 LMH) and rejections (∼99.8%) were obtained for both types of membranes.
    關聯: Polymer 115,頁164-175
    顯示於類別:[化學工程與材料工程學系暨研究所] 期刊論文

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