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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/112515

    Title: Cooperating for Diversification: Partnership Selection in Preferential Trade Agreements in East Asia
    Authors: Leu, Guan-Yi
    Contributors: 淡江大學中國大陸研究所
    Date: 2012-05
    Issue Date: 2017-12-27 09:15:39 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: This dissertation addresses two questions. First, given the fact that the majority of
    East Asian states were previously lukewarm toward PTAs and had already achieved
    membership in the WTO, why then at the turn of the century did they begin to pursue
    PTAs? Second, as PTAs emerged among certain pairs of states, what factors determined
    PTA partnership selection, and under what conditions were states more likely to form
    PTAs? This paper applies the method of agreement, and selects China, Japan and
    ASEAN-5 members to examine the conditions that encouraged PTA partnership.
    This dissertation provides a "diversification explanation" to systematically explain
    behavioral patterns of states that participate in PTAs. First, it explains the general
    incentives of states to diversify existing trade ties and buffer against destabilizing effects
    related to skewed trade patterns. The paper concludes that concern over a dependence on
    the American market led East Asian states to pursue alternative policies that would allow
    them to explore new markets and expand intra-regional trade. Second, it explains the
    pattern of partnership selection, and specifies that states with declining or less developed
    economic ties share a mutual need to diversify. To prevent the emergence of
    asymmetrical dependence, small and medium-sized economies are more likely to
    conclude PTAs on multiple fronts. In contrast, large economies will be less likely to
    pursue PTAs with each other, especially among states with a high level of trade
    The studied cases support the above logic. ASEAN states were often secondary
    trading partners in the region and became more preferred candidates to neighbors for
    PTAs. The Japan-ASEAN PTA reinforces decreasing trade and investment ties, and
    reduces Japan's increasing trade dependence on China while making ASEAN more
    attractive for Japanese FDI. The China-ASEAN PTA facilitates and expands the scope of
    trade and investment, as economic ties have been slow to develop. It also explains why a
    PTA has not occurred between Japan and China, whose bilateral economic ties have
    become rapidly intertwined. Finally, the paper identifies a two-level-game factor or
    mechanism that facilitated the formation of PTAs among certain pairs of states. I show
    that the logic of diversification is not only applicable to East Asia, as other states have
    made use of PTAs to diversify existing trade and investment ties.
    Appears in Collections:[中國大陸研究所] 學位論文

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