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    Title: Stephen Crane and the Green Place of Paint
    Authors: Ralph, Iris
    Keywords: Stephen Crane;French Impressionist Painting;Ecocriticism
    Date: 2010-06-14
    Issue Date: 2017-12-01 02:10:52 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: This paper addresses the influence of French Impressionist painting on the late
    nineteenth-century writer Stephen Crane (1871-1900), a key figure in the
    movement of literary naturalism and the author of, among other stories, Maggie:
    A Girl of the Streets, The Red Badge of Courage, The Bride Comes to Yellow
    Sky, and The Blue Hotel. A journalist and war-time correspondent as well as a
    literary figure, Crane produced a remarkable number of poems, prose pieces,
    short stories, and “sketches” in a period of time spanning little more than a
    decade. Much of his work is characterized by formal devices analogous to
    Impressionist painting’s seemingly antithetical devices of atmospheric (or
    animated) paint and flat paint. These formal devices put into question
    normative, anthropocentric distinctions between human and nonhuman subjects
    and objects. The short story “An Experiment in Misery” (1889) describes in
    impressionist painterly language the city’s human and nonhuman subjectobjects
    that implies that ecogenic (nonhuman-made) human and nonhuman
    subject-objects are outcast, defaced, or bullied by the anthropogenic (humanmade)
    environs of the modern industrial city. The influence of French
    Impressionist painting on Crane has been addressed by scholars. However,
    these scholars do not comment on its ecocritical significances. I argue that
    Crane’s animation of the nonhuman figure and the oft-commented on flattening
    or caricaturing of the human figure by Crane express a nascent ecological
    argument.
    Relation: Conference paper
    Appears in Collections:[英文學系暨研究所] 會議論文

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