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    題名: Knee subchondral bone perfusion and its relationship to marrow fat and trabeculation on multi-parametric MRI and micro-CT in experimental CKD
    作者: Wang Chao-Ying, Hsu Yu-Juei, Peng Yi-Jen, Lee Herng-Sheng, Chang Yue-Cune, Chang Chih-Shan, Chiang Shih-Wei, Hsu Yi-Chih, Lin Ming-Huang, Huang Guo-Shu
    日期: 201705
    上傳時間: 2017-10-31 02:10:31 (UTC+8)
    摘要: The pathogenesis of chronic kidney disease (CKD) is multifactorial. In the progression of CKD arthropathy, arteriosclerosis may alter the knee subchondral bone marrow by altering blood flow through the bone vasculature. Herein, multi-parametric MRI assessment, including dynamic contrast enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI), magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS), MRI T2*, contrast enhanced MR angiography (CE-MRA), and micro-CT were applied in a rodent nephrectomy model to: 1) investigate the blood perfusion of subchondral bone marrow and its relationship to fat water content and trabeculation pattern in CKD and 2) demonstrate the feasibility of using multi-parametric MRI parameters as imaging biomarkers to evaluate the disease’s progression. Two groups of rats in our study underwent either 1) no intervention or 2) 5/6 nephrectomy. We found that in the CKD group, perfusion amplitude A and elimination constant k el values were significantly decreased, and vascular permeability k ep was significantly increased. MRS showed that fat fraction (FF) was significantly lower, water fraction (WF) was significantly higher in the CKD group. Micro-CT showed a significant loss of trabecular bone. Knee subchondral bone marrow perfusion deficiency in experimental CKD may be associated with decreased fat content, increased water content, and sparse trabeculation.
    關聯: Scientific Reports, V.7(n1):3073
    DOI: 10.1038/s41598-017-03059-3
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