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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw/dspace/handle/987654321/111844

    Title: Subsidy rate decisions for the printer recycling industry by bi-level optimization techniques
    Authors: Cheng, Chi-Bin;Shih, Hsu-Shih;Chen, Boris
    Keywords: Bi-level programming problem;Printer recyclers;Subsidy rate;Recycling rate;KKT approach
    Date: 2017-04-22
    Issue Date: 2017-10-25 02:11:29 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: Springer
    Abstract: This study attempts to optimize the operations of the Recycling Fund Management Board (RFMB), founded by the Environmental Protection Administration of the ROC Government (in Taiwan), by using a subsidy rate decision for domestic printer recyclers. The hierarchical and interactive relation between the two parties is modeled by bi-level programming, where the RFMB serves as the upper-level decision unit, recyclers are the lower-level counterpart, and the consumer’s action is embedded in the constraints of the lower level problem. The problem is solved by the Karush–Kuhn–Tucker transformation approach. Practical data including sales of printers per year, a survey of recycling intention, recycler cost structure, and resource recycling value are used to solve the problem. The resulting solution discovers the inefficiency of the current operations of RFMB, and suggests an appropriate recycling fee and subsidy rate that balance the interests of printer manufacturers, recyclers, and the RFMB.
    Relation: Operational Research 17(3), p.901-919
    DOI: 10.1007/s12351-017-0315-8
    Appears in Collections:[Graduate Institute & Department of Information Management] Journal Article

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