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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/111722

    Title: 日本における女性の非正規雇用の問題と政策について
    Other Titles: 日本女性的非典型雇用問題與政策之探討
    Female non-regular employment and policy in Japan
    Authors: 李佳澄;Lee, Jia-Cheng
    Contributors: 淡江大學亞洲研究所碩士班
    小山直則;Koyama, Naonori
    Keywords: 非典型雇用;女性勞工;內部勞動市場;M型曲線;社會保障政策;Non-regular Employment;Female Labor;Internal Labor Market;M Curve;Policy of Social Welfare;非正規雇用;女性労働;内部労働市場;M字曲線;社会保障政策
    Date: 2016
    Issue Date: 2017-08-25 00:00:39 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 在日本,非典型雇用於1980年後持續擴大。此為先進國家共通之現象,而這被認為是經濟全球化及產業構造變化等所造成之結果。在日本,非典型受雇者中將近七成為女性。而正在就業的女性中,兼職及打工比例最高,約占了四成。因此,針對這個族群老後的社會保障政策之改革,有不少論證與主張引起了公眾的關注。
    Non-regular Employment has constantly increased in Japan since 1980. This tendency, which is common among leading countries, is thought to result from issues such as economic globalization and structural changes of industries. Females make up around 70 percent of Non-regular Employees in Japan. Moreover, most of the women currently in employment are working part-time or simultaneously doing more jobs than one. This group occupies approximately 40 percent of the Japanese female labor force. Arguments over the reform of Social Welfare Policies for their old age have therefore drawn great attention among the public.
    The primary concern of Non-regular Employees is the instability of employment. They are not certain when they will be dismissed, or in other words, if they will lose their jobs unexpectedly. With the increasing number of unemployed people, consequent social problems arise. Also, Non-regular Employees are confronted with meager income and living of a low standard. Most crucial of all, they are given a shaky guarantee of the future. Job risks are bound to rise and their life will definitely turn tougher as they grow older. In view of these issues, there is an urgent need for effective solutions and government policies.
    To understand the economic features of Non-regular Employment, this research sorts out a theory of labor economics based on incomplete information and examines the relation between Long-term Employment and Non-regular Employment. Next, the status quo of Non-regular Employment in Japan is observed and analyzed. Comments on Japanese Policy of Social Welfare concerning Non-regular Employees are added. For the good of Non-regular Employees, this research lays central emphasis on pension schemes that honor expanding applicability.
    Appears in Collections:[亞洲研究所] 學位論文

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