本論文以歷史文獻分析來概括中華民國(臺灣)立法院國會於2010年至2015年間與尼加拉瓜共和國議會之關係，內文資訊來源以兩國的各家媒體報導為主。 本論文也提供了關於中華民國與尼加拉瓜建交的歷史背景、解釋國會外交的定義，並且分別介紹雙方立法權和國會外交的觀點。 附件中包含兩國外交關係之年表以及雙方立法權在國會外交中的談話與決議，希望本論文所提供的研究資訊對於加強兩國間的國會外交有所助益。 This historical documentary thesis presents a summary of parliamentary relations between the Legislative Yuan of the Republic of China (Taiwan) and the National Assembly of the Republic of Nicaragua during 2010-2015. The information was in different Taiwanese and Nicaraguan media. Information on historical diplomatic relations between the Republic of China and the Republic of Nicaragua is also provided; the definition of parliamentary diplomacy is explained. Also there is a summary of both legislative powers as well as their respective parliamentary diplomacy; a chronology of diplomatic relations between the two countries, speeches and congressional resolutions on parliamentarian diplomacy are presented in Annex. It is intended that all information provided in this research will be useful for strengthening parliamentary relations between the two countries.