Rural women produce half of the food in the world, But They are the poorest women. Rural women have the least access to food, health, education, training and opportunities for employment and other needs, because each country based on tradition to modify the social and cultural patterns of conduct of men and women, with a view to achieving the elimination of prejudices and customary and all other practices which are based on the idea of the inferiority or the superiority of either of the sexes or on stereotyped roles for men and women, which led to rural women hurt on rights.
The 34th United Nations General Assembly, by resolution, adopted the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women（CEDAW）on December 18, 1979. It is a female human rights as a starting and having a legally binding human rights conventions of international law. For Article 1 of the Convention, make a clear definition of discrimination against women, and to clarify the basis of equality of men and women, of human rights and fundamental freedoms in the political, economic, social, cultural, civil or any other field. States Parties shall take all appropriate measures, including legislation, to modify or abolish existing laws, regulations, customs and practices which constitute discrimination against women.
This thesis is based on the rights of rural women CEDAW Article 14 as the spindle, the content structure is divided into six chapters：Chapter I. Introduction, Chapter II. Study on development of women''s human rights and the rights of rural women, Chapter III. Introducing the background content of the rights of rural women in the CEDAW, and general recommendation No. 34 -- on the rights of rural women, Chapter IV. Studying the practice in Japan of the rights of rural women in CEDAW, Chapter V. Studying the practice in Republic of China government (Taiwan) of the rights of rural women in CEDAW, Chapter VI. The implementation of the rights of rural women of CEDAW in Japan and Republic of China government (Taiwan).