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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/111692

    Title: 美國境內非法移民對國民所得分配之衝擊
    Other Titles: The impact of illegal immigration on U.S. income distribution
    Authors: 官詠薪;Kuan, Yung-Hsin
    Contributors: 淡江大學美洲研究所碩士班
    Keywords: 非法移民;所得分配;基尼係數;gretl統計軟體;技術性勞工;非技術性勞工;illegal immigration;Income distribution;Gretl;gini coefficient;Skill Labor;Unskilled Labor
    Date: 2016
    Issue Date: 2017-08-24 23:59:56 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 2014年美國境內非法移民為1130萬人,非法移民的移入不僅為美國提供勞動力,使得各產業生產成本降低,卻間接或直接地對社會及治安帶來不容小覷的問題。本研究探討非法移民對美國境內勞工所得分配之影響,首先蒐集各州之非法移民數量,統計時間為8個不同時間點,並利用gretl統計軟體及四種迴歸模型進行數據分析,藉此檢視非法移民與所得分配之間的關聯性。
    In 2014, there are roughly 11.3 million of illegal immigrants in America. They not only provide more labor force but reduce the cost of producing products in every industry; however, they both directly and indirectly bring some problems which should not be underestimated to the society and public security. This study focuses on the impact of illegal immigration to American income distribution. First, we collect the population of illegal immigration of each state. Our statistic time is 8 separately different years, using statistical software gretl and 4 regression models to analyze the data in order to examine the relation between illegal immigration and income distribution.The theoretical model indicates that population of illegal immigrants will increase the gap of income distribution, and the result of empirical model corresponds the previous theoretical model. In addition, illegal immigrants indeed affect the income distribution, but it is not statistically obvious which is an important research finding. Illegal immigration is not the major factor of American income distribution even though the analysis of regression explains that the illegal immigrants truly influence the income distribution; however, both in statistics and the whole labor income are not obviously impacted. Therefore, the increasing of illegal immigrants cannot explain the American economic trend.The change in the number of illegal immigrants causes the uneven income distribution. In conclusion, the entering of illegal immigration cannot explain the whole American economy.
    Appears in Collections:[美洲研究所] 學位論文

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