Mining industry is a traditional economy sector in Latin America. It plays an important role in the history of the economic development in Latin America. Especially it has been always a significant sector in the economy, sometimes even more important the agriculture sector. Peru is rich in mineral resources, the total reserves ranked seventh in the world. One of the features of mineral resources in Peru is the diversity of the items, the other is the amount of the reserves. The discovered main minerals are copper, lead, zinc, gold, silver, iron, tungsten, manganese, tin and antimony. The production of silver lead the first rank in the world, the production of copper and zinc ranked second, the gold ranking No. 5 in the world (in Latin America ranked first). In 2013 Peruvian mineral exports totaled 22.719 billion US dollars, accounting for 54% of Peru''s total export value; the most important mineral export were copper, gold, lead and zinc. The value of the exports of copper and gold accounted for 78% of the total export value of the mineral products.
In the 1990s, the government began economic reform, vigorously promoted the privatization of state-owned enterprises, which started the moderation of Peruvian mining industry. During his tenure 1990 - 1997, the metal minerals accounted for 44.5% of Peru''s total exports. In 1997 the production of metallic mineral accounted for 7% of GDP. The copper and the gold shared the first and the second position, accounting 40% of the value in five main metallic minerals in Peru (gold, copper, silver, zinc, lead) .
The main objective of this thesis is to analysis that in the 1990s, during government of Fujimori, how the policy of privatization improved the economy of Peru and made the basis of Peruvian mining industry. In the same time, research the influence on the environment and the society .