本研究旨在探討大學生自我分化、生涯因應策略與生涯定向之間的關係，本研究以728位大學生為研究對象。本研究採用問卷調查法進行資料蒐集，所使用研究工具則包括自我分化量表、生涯因應策略量表，以及生涯定向量表，所得資料以描述性統計、t檢定、單因子變異數分析、逐步多元迴歸分析以及路徑分析等統計方法進行分析。本研究發現如下： 一、大學生在自我分化五點量表中，平均分數為3.68、生涯定向五點量表中，平均分數為3.13。 二、大學生較常採用的因應策略依序為情緒積極因應、問題積極因應、情緒消極因應、問題消極因應。 三、科技大學的大學生在代間混淆上的程度顯著高於一般大學及技術學院大學生。 四、男大生在問題消極因應與情緒消極因應上高於女大生。 五、一般大學學生使用問題積極因應的頻率比科技大學及技術學院的學生來的高，而科技大學使用問題積極因應的頻率也比技術學院的學生來的高。 六、大一生以及大三生使用問題積極因應上皆高於大二生。 七、有工讀經驗的大學生使用情緒積極因應高於無工讀經驗。 八、男大生的生涯定向程度顯著優於女大生。 九、大學生的性別、自我分化與四種生涯因應策略對生涯定向有預測力。 十、不同生涯因應策略在大學生自我分化與生涯定向間有不同的中介效果。 根據以上研究發現，本研究提出進一步的討論，並提供生涯輔導應用上之建議及未來之研究方向。 The purpose of this study was to inverstigate the relationships among differentitation of self, career coping strategies and career decisions of college students.728 college students participated this study.They completed a questionnaire that include Differentitation of Self Scale, Career Coping Strategies Scale and Career Decisions Scale.The data obtained was analyzes by descriptive stastics, t-test, one-way Anova, stepwise multiple regression analysis and path analysis.The main findings were as follows： 1.College students the average of Differentitation of Self was 3.68、Career Decisions was 3.13 under the five-point Likert scale, 2. College students more often used in order, is positive emotion-focused coping, positive problem-focused coping, negative emotion-focused coping, negative problem-focused coping. 3. The university of technology students most highest than university students and institute of technology students in intergenerational confusion. 4. The male college students were more likely to use negative problem-focused coping and negative emotion-focused coping than female college students. 5. The university students were more likely to use positive problem-focused coping than university of technology students and institute of technology students. The university of technology students were more likely to use positive problem-focused coping than institute of technology students. 6. The freshman and junior students were more likely to use positive problem-focused coping than sophomore students. 7. The university students who had part-time job experience were more likely to use positive emotion-focused coping than never part-time job experience. 8. Male students are higher than female students in career decisions. 9. Gender、differentitation of self and four kinds career coping strategies could predict career decisions. 10. Different career coping strategies between students'' differentitation of self and career decisions intermediaries have different effects.
According to findings, implications for career counseling and further researches were provided.