至今，承襲蘇聯解體後政教貼切互動之模式，逐漸延伸到現代俄羅斯人民因信仰對於政治的決策，如教會對於普丁的支持深深影響著人民對於普丁的信任與期待。藉由本文分析之各時期政教關係演變及後續政府對宗教之政策與態度，望讀者能有所收穫。 Since B.C.988 Orthodox became the national religion in Russia, Orthodox has played a important role in Russian history. No matter when orthodox in Russian Empire period or until contemporary Russia, even in USSR period, we can''t ignore about the influence of orthodox on Russian society. The relation between Orthodox Church and government is also a powerful force which could change people''s political choices. This thesis focuses on after USSR collapsed, the relation between Orthodox Church and Russian government and the religious policies change. According to the merging of church and state theory to analyze three types of relations between church and state in Russian history. To this day, president of Russian Federation- Vlagimir Putin uses the religious power to win the favor of peoples. Therefore under the mutual benefits and trust relations, next step of Russian development is worth to expect.