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    題名: 歐盟外交與安全政策高級代表之角色研究
    其他題名: The role study of the high representative of the union for foreign affairs and security policy
    作者: 黃彧璿;Huang, Yu-Hsuan
    貢獻者: 淡江大學歐洲研究所碩士班
    張福昌;Chang, Fu-Chang
    關鍵詞: 歐洲聯盟;共同外交與安全政策;共同安全與防衛政策;高級代表;EU;CFSP;CSDP;High Representative
    日期: 2016
    上傳時間: 2017-08-24 23:57:26 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 1993年歐盟於馬斯垂克條約中建立了共同外交與安全政策,而後於1999年在阿姆斯特丹條約中創設了共同外交與安全政策高級代表的角色,2005年憲法條約改革中提出歐盟外交部長一職,遭到法國與荷蘭否決,2009年里斯本條約承襲了憲法條約中的重大改革,將高級代表重新命名為歐盟外交與安全政策高級代表,賦予他/她擔任歐洲執委會副主席與外交理事會主席的權利,並得以提案推行共同外交與安全政策以及共同安全與防衛政策,對外於國際上代表歐盟發聲,其底下也設置歐洲對外行動處來協助高級代表完成任務,形成里斯本條約後歐盟共同外交與安全政策的新局面,藉由擴大高級代表的權限與資源,提升歐盟外交政策的效率與對外行動的一致性,並增強歐盟作為國際行為者的影響力。

      本文以制度主義為基礎,首先,敘述高級代表一職的發展沿革;接著,分析第一與第二代高級代表的職權,以及索拉納與艾希頓在共同外交與安全政策中的表現,並比較第一與第二代高級代表的差異,做進一步的剖析;最後,界定高級代表在歐盟扮演的角色,說明是否對共同外交與安全政策帶來正面的影響。
    In 1993, the European Union (EU) gave birth to the Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP) in the Maastricht Treaty. And the High Representative (HR) of the CFSP was first established by the Amsterdam Treaty in 1999. In 2005, the Convention on the Future of Europe proposed the revolutionary post “The Union Minister for Foreign Affairs”. However, the Constitutional Treaty was rejected by France and the Netherlands. After all, in 2009, the Lisbon Treaty inherited the significant reformation and renamed it High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy. They attributed the important tasks to the HR to be one of the Vice-President of the European Commission and presiding over the Foreign Affairs Council. The HR also has the right of initiative in the CFSP and the Common Security and Defense Policy. He/she shall represent the Union and express the Union’s position in the international conferences and organizations. In addition, the European External Action Service was created to assist the HR to accomplish his/her tasks. It had become a new era of the EU foreign policy. The EU gave the HR wider power and more resources to enhance the effectiveness and consistency of the foreign policy and external action and to empower the EU to become an influential global actor.

      This paper will aim at the post of the HR and use Institutionalism as its theoretical basis. First, it will describe the course of change and development of the HR. Second, it will analyze the authority of the HR, the performance of Javier Solana and Catherine Ashton, and the differences between them. Finally, it will define the role of the HR and conclude that whether the HR bring positive effect to the CFSP.
    顯示於類別:[歐洲研究所] 學位論文

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