|Abstract: || 基於殖民情結與族群認同，英國與美國始終都維持著友好的關係；在外交政策上，美國更是英國最重要的盟友。二戰以降，歷經冷戰，在「邱吉爾三環外交政策」的架構下，從而形塑出「英美特殊關係」。進入英國首相柴契爾夫人與美國總統隆納˙雷根時期，更是英美特殊關係的高峰期。1982年英阿兩國的「福克蘭群島戰爭」乃是最好的証明。|
Based on the colonial complex and the ethnic identity, Britain and America have always maintained friendly relations; in the diplomatic policy, America is even the most important ally of Britain. After the World War II, through the Cold War, In the structure of the “Three Ring Diplomatic Policy of Churchill”, the “Special Relationship between Britain and America” has been shaped. Later, in the period of the British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher and the American President Ronald Reagan, it was even the peak period of the Special Relationship between Britain and America. The best proof is the “Falklands War” between Britain and Argentina in 1982.
From the main diplomatic issue of Britain and America in the period of the British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher and the American President Ronald Reagan, it is not difficult to see the diplomatic policy of the “Pro-US Far Europe” of Britain. A time when the “Implementation of the Martial Law in Poland” in 1981 and the “Air Attack in Libya” in 1986, faced on the active and strong attitude of America, Britain supported America both. Though the strategic difference between Britain and America was still existed in the same period, eventually, Britain and America could both save the day and never damaged the good special relationship between Britain and America. However, based on the protection of the national interest of Britain, the relationship between Britain and other European countries and also the European Community not only almost broke but also dropped to the freezing point in the same period.
The good special relationship between Britain and America in the period of the British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher and the American President Ronald Reagan, we can see the similarity from the economic policy of the “Neoconservatism” and the diplomatic policy of the “Anti-Communist” and the “Anti-Soviet” and also the “Anti-Terrorism”. By the cooperation of the British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher and the American President Ronald Reagan, Britain and America handled many international dangers together, especially the Falklands War. During the Falklands War, America provided Britain many assistances; plus, with the counterattack of Britain, finally, America helped Britain to defeat Argentina and retake Falkland Islands. The assistances of America not only consolidated the status of the strategic partner with Britain but also proved the good special relationship between Britain and America.
From the fetter of the history, the evolution of the international relation, the exacerbation of the Three Ring Diplomatic Policy of Churchill, and the Conjunction of the British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher and the American President Ronald Reagan, we can see in the structure of the special relationship, the stand-up of the relationship between Britain and America until now. In addition, Britain comes from Europe and is a member in the European Union. Therefore, instead of suffering from the doubt of the Pro-US Far Europe, in the diplomatic position, eventually, Britain must maintain balanced relations between America and Europe. The acceptance or rejection of the diplomatic policy will test the wisdom of all previous governments of Britain.