Film is known as a modern science and technology of the eighth art, as it realizes the pursuit of the modern art for the realistic illusions. Each film at various periods represents the history and culture of a certain area or a certain period of time, and the education, culture, art, science and the history value it reflected is hereby considered as an indispensable part for the cultural heritage of a country.
The film development in an early stage has not been put much emphasis on the preservation of each works. In the past, film companies eliminated or discarded those silent films with no economic value or lack of commercial market. Moreover, the outbreak of the World War II has also caused huge losses or damages of many precious films. The advent of the digital age represents the crisis of disappearance that the old films with historical memories worldwide have to face with. This is more urgent that a large number of films which are on the verge of being damaged need to be repaired and restored.
For chapters arrangement, the first part of this paper is the introduction, which explains the research target and purpose, research method, literature review, research scope, limitations and framework. The theme of the second chapter is about the Restoration and Preservation Principle of the Film, which is aimed to describe the film material, characteristics and repair principle. The third and the fourth chapter are the description reports on the Digital Restoration and Preservation in the European Community and the Policy and the Repair Progress by the British Film Institute. The fifth chapter is the conclusion, which is made based on the overview to the above-mentioned chapters, together with the research findings and prospect.