After the Soviet Union collapsed, the ideology and geopolitics sphere of Russia’s influence have a significant change. Russia lost the pre-eminence in the post-Soviet space. In this situation, Russia’s foreign policy constantly makes an adjustment between pro-western and anti-western for the purpose of national interest, and restore its great power status as the target.
Slovakia can be seen as a bridge between Russia and Europe because of the location. Through the close cooperation with Slovakia in the political, economic and cultural aspects, it will help strengthen Russia''s influence in European politics. In addition, the political cooperation between Russia and Slovakia is also regarded as the first step toward the cooperation of Russia and the European Union, NATO, and promotes the stability of European politics.
Hence, this thesis focuses on Russian Policy towards Slovak Republic after the Fall of the Soviet Union. First, it considers about the historical background and explains the relationship between the Soviet Union with the Czechoslovakia. Second, it is discussed in three parts, diplomatic, economic, trade and cultural exchanges. Since the establishment of Slovak Republic in 1993, Russia actively establishes diplomatic relations with it. Since 2004 Slovakia became the EU member states, Russian-Slovak relations is also affected by the EU. In terms of economic and trade exchanges, Russia is using the European dependence on its oil and gas to exerts its geopolitical influence, and improves its national interests in Europe by the cooperation with Slovakia on the economic and trade. Besides, the soft power of the communication between countries is also important that can promotes the mutual understanding. Russia promotes Russian language and holds cultural events in Slovakia. In recent years Russia and Slovak official positively simplify visa procedures to increase the convenience of non-governmental exchanges.