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    題名: 我國當前兵役制度精進之探討「徵、募併行制」: 相輔相成
    其他題名: An analysis on the reform of Taiwan reform current military service system
    作者: 王榮慶;Wang, Rong-Qing
    貢獻者: 淡江大學國際事務與戰略研究所碩士班
    李大中;Li, Da-Chung
    關鍵詞: 兵役制度;國家安全;國防戰略;義務役;志願役;Military service system;National security;National Defence Strategy;Compulsory Military Service;Voluntary Military Service
    日期: 2016
    上傳時間: 2017-08-24 23:56:53 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 兵役制度興革之良窳,為國防之憑藉,更是國家安全之基石。
    The innovation and improvement of military service system is always the basis of national defense and also the foundation stone of the national security. Seeing from the past, no matter when the government is prospering or facing destructive crisis, there is no country who doesn’t focus on the improvement of military service system. To look back from Zhou Dynasty to Qing Dynasty, the history tells us all. When it came to heyday, the military service system must be complete; however, when the military service system was ignored, the dynasty failed to last. For example, nowadays, though adjoining to strong enemies on the Middle-East area, Israel still possess strong power on national defense. Compared with our past Song Dynasty, the situation was totally the opposite. Though at that time, Song has expansive territory, it relied on enlistment system which weaken the power. Thus, it is very important to focus on the adoption of military service system.
    Nowadays, our country wishes to innovate and improve the military service system. However, with misconceptions in the society and the concerns of the election results, the government decides to shorten the service period year by year: from the original a year and 10 months to only a year. The change has caused incomplete training and failed to strengthen our military power. To complement the weakness, the government adopts enlistment military service and puts them into regular service; the soldiers of obligatory military service receive only 6-month training and are put into reserve troops. The new regulation that centered on enlistment military service system was originally going to be practiced in 2014, however it was delayed twice since the number of soldiers can’t meet expectation. Fortunately, our military service system is still based on the combination of enlistment system and conscription system. If the volunteer soldiers can’t meet the requirement, we still have obligatory soldiers to keep the national defense working. However, if the government insists to adopt enlistment system, the number of soldiers must decline and the military power will stop to grow, not to mention the financial difficulties.
    All in all, the improvement and innovation of the military service system are concerned with threats, population structure, the political and economic situation, etc. Considering different aspects of our current situation, our military service system should adopt the combination of enlistment service and conscription service. To maintain national security, we should adopt the old recruiting system based on obligatory soldiers, who need to receive training of a year and 6 months; and at the same time, recruit high quality volunteering soldiers, in order to strengthen the forces of who have specialties. That way, the military can complement each other and create a strong military power.
    顯示於類別:[國際事務與戰略研究所] 學位論文


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