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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/111570

    Title: 習近平的軍事改革 : 以陸軍為例(2013-2016)
    Other Titles: Xi Jin Ping's military reform a study of PLA army (2013-2016)
    Authors: 王仁祺;Wang, Jen-Chi
    Contributors: 淡江大學國際事務與戰略研究所碩士在職專班
    王高成;Wang, Kao-Cheng
    Keywords: 中國人民解放軍陸軍;習近平;軍事改革;強軍夢;PLA Army;Military reform;Xi Jin Ping;Strong Military Dream
    Date: 2016
    Issue Date: 2017-08-24 23:56:46 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 一、中國人民解放軍陸軍,歷經毛澤東時期、鄧小平時期、江澤民時期、胡錦濤時期,歷經數次大規模裁軍以及軍事改革,人數從最高550萬員額,裁減至21世紀的180萬人,而其戰略任務則由遂行人民戰爭為主的積極防禦,到打贏訊息化條件下的高技術局部戰爭,人民解放軍均有相當長足的躍進。

    關鍵字: 中國人民解放軍陸軍、習近平、軍事改革、強軍夢
    1.People’s Liberation Army ground force, from the period of Mao(1950s) to period of Hu Jintao, have gone through many times of reduction of troops and military reforms. The number of PLA has reduced from it’s climax of 5, 50 million men to nowadays 1, 80 million men. The strategic mission of PLA shifted from conducting the People’s warfare to winning the hi-tech local war under information conditions. The PLA ground force is the leading position in the PLA armed forces.
    2.In Xi Jinpin period, the PLA ground force is still the dominant military service in PLA. There is no headquarters of ground force in PLA for a long time, the socalled 4 general departments (General Staff department, general logistics department, general politics department, general armaments department) functioned as the headquarters of the army. There are 7 military regions which commanded and controlled the army groups, navy fleets and air forces. The headquarters of military regions equaled to the headquarters of navy and air force.
    3.In order to fulfill Xi’s Chinese dream as well as the strong military dream, PLA promotes the “deepen defense and military reforms”, Xi set the policy of reform: the CMC take charge the overall administration of PLA, Battle zone commands focus on combats, military services pursue their own construction. Now the 4 general departments have dissolved, then establish the headquarters of army. Furthermore the 7 military regions also had been abolished, instead of establishing 5 battle zones for the sake of commanding the joined operations. Meanwhile PLA shall cut troops number of 300,000 men.
    4.In the process of the military reforms of PLA, They have abolished the original organizations based on “Great Army Discipline”, the position of PLA army declines. Now the military services are all equal. Xi Jinpin takes advantage of the reforms, by changing the military organizations to reshuffle the personal matters of higher ranking officers in PLA. Xi placed his own persons on the vital positions in order to gain the absolute control on PLA.
    5.Due to political requirement, Xi Jinpin promoted the reforms urgently. It involved great changes in such few time, so some defects have merged, such as the ambiguity of authority and responsibility between headquarters of Battle zone and army service. Things would go wrong for the attached troops under such circumstances. And the opposition against reform comes from the vested interest group in army is increasing more and more. So it is hard to say how the military reform have achieved, and what the PLA ground force would shift in the future.
    Appears in Collections:[Graduate Institute of International Affairs And Strategic Studies] Thesis

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