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    Title: 國軍執行海外非戰爭軍事行動之現狀與發展
    Other Titles: The present and future of the Republic of China Armed Forces in foreign military operations other than war
    Authors: 蘇尹崧;Su, Yin-Sung
    Contributors: 淡江大學國際事務與戰略研究所碩士班
    陳文政;Chen, York
    Keywords: 國軍;非戰爭軍事行動;the Republic of China Armed Forces;Military Operations other than War
    Date: 2016
    Issue Date: 2017-08-24 23:56:25 (UTC+8)
    Abstract:   冷戰結束後由於全球化現象發展以及大規模軍事衝突發生機率降低,使非傳統安全問題日漸受到重視;而在這些環境因素的影響下,許多國家的武裝力量開始進行轉型,非戰爭軍事行動的概念也逐漸被世界各國接受與利用。本研究主要是探討國軍於後冷戰時期執行海外非戰爭軍事行動的現狀,與未來的發展方向。
      由於冷戰結束後意識形態對抗消失,導致我國近年來在海外非戰爭軍事行動的執行上較為保守。事實上,我國擁有足以執行大部份行動的能力,而且此類行動除了因應非傳統安全威脅之外,也能藉實際行動推動組織變革、靠執行公益性行動獲取軟實力,並依循在各項行動中與他國建立的交流、實際合作經驗以及關係,嘗試將其溢出至其他項目,突破中國對我國的外交打壓。
      本研究在經過參考、整理目前較具代表性的理論,並檢視我國和其他國家的執行經驗後,發現我國在執行海外非戰爭軍事行動上僅著重提升國家形象,對展現主權及保護海外國民的行動較為保守;相關法律、作業機制尚不完整,無法滿足現有行動;且受政策自我限縮與裝備老舊的影響,行動成效較為受限。因此建議我國應在決策上更為積極、修法完善相關法律授權與加強協調機制、並按照計畫逐步更新現有裝備。
      最後,本研究將各項海外非戰爭軍事行動的執行條件與我國現狀進行比對,發現除了目前已有執行前例的協助提供緊急人道援助、經許可之非戰鬥人員撤離行動、公海演習等行動類型之外,我國也應於適當時機執行保護性人道主義活動、與非戰爭軍事行動相關之多國聯合演習、確保飛越與航行自由、水雷清除行動、以及反海盜行動等,應儘速予以發展。
    Non-traditional security threats have been taken more seriously after the cold war because of the proliferation of globalization and the reduction of extensive military conflicts. Affected by that and other factors of the time, Armed Forces in many counties began to transform, the concept of Military Operations other than War therefore became more practical and acceptable. This research aims to discuss and understand the background and status of the Foreign Military Operations other than War from the Republic of China Armed Forces after the cold war, to achieve a better future guide.
    The fading of ideology after the cold war was one of the main reasons that makes our government conservative in implementing Foreign Military Operations other than War. However, we do have the capabilities to carry out most of those operations, which could not only response to the non-traditional security threats, but also to promote organization reformation and cultivate national soft power. Moreover, we could spill the experiences from those co-working operations to other diplomatic matters, which might help us to break through the diplomatic suppressions from China.
    After studying and comparing the key studies in the subject for both theoretically and implementing, we found out that for what we have done in Foreign Military Operations other than War is more about promoting national image but rarely about declaring national sovereignty, the structures of related laws and procedures are incomplete, and the self-narrowed policies and the outdated equipment also affect the results of operations. Therefore, we recommend the government to address more active and comprehensive policies, to improve laws and procedures, and to renew the equipment.
    Finally, we compared requirements for the operations of Foreign Military Operations other than War with the current status we held, and found out that except for the operations we have done before like helping to deliver emergency aids, allowed noncombatant evacuation operations and military exercises in the high sea, we should participate in protective humanitarian actions, performing bilateral or multilateral exercises associated with Military Operations other than War, ensuring freedom of navigation and overflight, mine clearance operations and counter-piracy operations.
    Appears in Collections:[國際事務與戰略研究所] 學位論文

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