最後，建議兩國可以以觀光來促進文化交流與進行國民外交。而「聯網外交」將外交行為擴展至一般私人企業與個人，也就是所謂的「全民外交」（由下而上的外交）。就如名作家Mohammad Khan Guive 在2014年發表在當代中國事務研究期刊的論文「中國與布吉納法索目前情勢」裡所提到的「中非全民合作」。
Nations are almost always better off when they buy and sell from one another”, moreover trade is essential in maintaining bilateral diplomatic relations with developing economies as they today have much opportunities for arbitrage. In the history of Burkina Faso and the Republic of China bilateral relations, humanitarianism and technical assistance have been the sole focus, neglecting trade and commercial exchange.
We based our research on the definition of trade in international relation given by Professor Thomas Crombie Schelling: “the strategic importance of trade broadly defined is include investment, shipping, tourism and management of enterprises; trade is what most of the International Relations are about”. So that we could question the place and importance of trade in the diplomatic relations between the Republic of China and Burkina Faso since the entering of Taiwan in Africa in 1961, and later again when the two nations resumed their relations in 1994.
What have been the trade pattern in the twenty years of bilateral diplomatic relations between Burkina Faso and Taiwan? Is there any use of economic statecraft between the two diplomatic allies? What is the possible role trade could play in facilitating and guaranteeing an irreversible alliance between Taiwan and Burkina Faso in an era where the People’s Republic of China is hooking most African countries?
In twenty and plus years of relations, ROC and BF have focused in developing agriculture, health quality, and education level in Burkina Faso. While these cooperation enter in the domain of humanitarianism, they are also part of Taiwan’s pragmatic diplomacy which also include the use of checkbook to maintain official recognition from developing nations. There have been many cooperation in those areas, while we can’t claim a total success, we do recognize a large improvement in these sectors after 20 years. Also, we witnessed a serious lack of trade between the two strategic allies.
But we beheld a change in the diplomatic dialog in 2008 when President Ma Ying-jeou took office and introduced the new spirit of the flexible diplomacy- a more viable policy towards Taiwan’s foreign allies. Against all odds, the viable foreign policy which had focused in developing more trade and commercial exchanges between Taiwan and its foreign allies, did not bring remarkable positive results.
While Burkina Faso remains a small economy in the world, it is on the other hand the potential gate to West Africa ECOWAS and UEMOA union market. Also, as the fourth largest gold producer in Africa these years and a big exporter of oil seeds, cotton and bovine skins, Burkina Faso is a potential trade partner for ROC. While the lack of energy and water source represent a brake to industrial investment, they constitute themselves an opportunity of import of products and knowhow from Taiwan.
Finally we suggest tourism to be a great possibility for cultural exchange and a mean for conducting a public diplomacy. The network diplomacy extend the conduct of diplomacy to private enterprises, private people creating what we have called “the diplomacy from below” as Mohammad Khan Guive did in his famous essay “The Chinese Presence in Burkina Faso: A sino-african cooperation from Below" published in the Journal of Current Chinese Affairs in 2014.