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    Title: The role of trade in ROC-Burkina Faso diplomatic relations
    Other Titles: 貿易在中華民國與布吉納法索外交關係的角色
    Authors: 陶瑞珊;Safiatou, Traore
    Contributors: 淡江大學國際事務與戰略研究所碩士班
    王高成;嚴震生;Wang Gao-sheng;YEN, CHEN-SHEN
    Keywords: 貿易;外交關系;中華民國;布吉納法索;金錢外交;國際關系;全民外交;聯網外交;Diplomatic relations;trade;Republic of China;Burkina Faso;AIDS;Flexible Diplomacy;diplomacy from below;technical assistance;People's Republic of China;Foreign relations;Partnership;people diplomacy;network diplomacy
    Date: 2016
    Issue Date: 2017-08-24 23:56:20 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 當一個國家與別國貿易往來越頻繁,國力就越強”
    “貿易” 對於以經濟發展來維持雙邊外交而言是不可或缺的,因為貿易提供了國與國之間非常多的套利機會。檢視過去台灣與布吉納法索兩國的合作關係,大多聚焦在在人道救援和技術援助,而忽略了貿易與商業交流。
    根據托馬斯·謝林克倫比教授所提出的貿易與國際關係的理論:「廣義的貿易策略重要性包括投資,航運,觀光和企業管理;大部份的國際關係就是關於貿易」。台灣於1961年與布吉納法索建立外交關係,爾後布吉納法索與台灣斷交,又於1994年恢復兩國邦交。因此本論文要探討在台灣與布吉納法索的外交關係中,「貿易」所扮演之角色與重要性。
    在布吉納法索和台灣的20年的外交關係中,貿易模式是什麼樣子呢?兩國之間是否有使用任何經濟策略?在中國極力拉攏非洲多數國家的時代,貿易又在促進與維持兩國穩定的邦交關係中扮演了怎麼樣的角色呢?
    在兩國有邦交關係的期間,台灣方面致力於如何幫助布吉納法索發展農業與提升國人健康狀況和教育水平。而人道救援也是台灣的務實外交的一部分,其中務實外交還包括金錢外交,藉此來維持台灣在發展中國家的國際認同。雖然不能說是完全的成功,但我們可以注意到在這20年來各方面都有顯著的改善。但同時,也可以觀察到台灣與布基納法索在貿易方面的互動嚴重不足。
    在2008年,我們可以看到外交政策的改變—馬英九總統上任並推行活絡外交,對邦交國採取更可行的外交策略。但令人想不到的是,這項計畫雖著重在發展貿易與商業交流的外交政策,但並沒有帶來顯著的正面效益。
    雖然布吉納法索在世界的經濟地位不高,但對於西非國家經濟共同體和西非經濟貨幣聯盟聯合市場還是非常有潛力。此外,這幾年來布吉納法索為非洲第四大生產黃金的國家,同時也為油籽.棉花.動物皮的最大出口國。對中華民國來說,布吉納法索會是一個有潛力的貿易合作夥伴。因布吉納法索缺乏能源與水資源,台灣在布吉納法索的工業投資並沒有很多,儘管如此,雙方並沒有放棄商業方面的合作,例如:出口商品和輸出技術至布吉納法索。
    最後,建議兩國可以以觀光來促進文化交流與進行國民外交。而「聯網外交」將外交行為擴展至一般私人企業與個人,也就是所謂的「全民外交」(由下而上的外交)。就如名作家Mohammad Khan Guive 在2014年發表在當代中國事務研究期刊的論文「中國與布吉納法索目前情勢」裡所提到的「中非全民合作」。
    Nations are almost always better off when they buy and sell from one another”, moreover trade is essential in maintaining bilateral diplomatic relations with developing economies as they today have much opportunities for arbitrage. In the history of Burkina Faso and the Republic of China bilateral relations, humanitarianism and technical assistance have been the sole focus, neglecting trade and commercial exchange.
    We based our research on the definition of trade in international relation given by Professor Thomas Crombie Schelling: “the strategic importance of trade broadly defined is include investment, shipping, tourism and management of enterprises; trade is what most of the International Relations are about”. So that we could question the place and importance of trade in the diplomatic relations between the Republic of China and Burkina Faso since the entering of Taiwan in Africa in 1961, and later again when the two nations resumed their relations in 1994.
    What have been the trade pattern in the twenty years of bilateral diplomatic relations between Burkina Faso and Taiwan? Is there any use of economic statecraft between the two diplomatic allies? What is the possible role trade could play in facilitating and guaranteeing an irreversible alliance between Taiwan and Burkina Faso in an era where the People’s Republic of China is hooking most African countries?
    In twenty and plus years of relations, ROC and BF have focused in developing agriculture, health quality, and education level in Burkina Faso. While these cooperation enter in the domain of humanitarianism, they are also part of Taiwan’s pragmatic diplomacy which also include the use of checkbook to maintain official recognition from developing nations. There have been many cooperation in those areas, while we can’t claim a total success, we do recognize a large improvement in these sectors after 20 years. Also, we witnessed a serious lack of trade between the two strategic allies.
    But we beheld a change in the diplomatic dialog in 2008 when President Ma Ying-jeou took office and introduced the new spirit of the flexible diplomacy- a more viable policy towards Taiwan’s foreign allies. Against all odds, the viable foreign policy which had focused in developing more trade and commercial exchanges between Taiwan and its foreign allies, did not bring remarkable positive results.
    While Burkina Faso remains a small economy in the world, it is on the other hand the potential gate to West Africa ECOWAS and UEMOA union market. Also, as the fourth largest gold producer in Africa these years and a big exporter of oil seeds, cotton and bovine skins, Burkina Faso is a potential trade partner for ROC. While the lack of energy and water source represent a brake to industrial investment, they constitute themselves an opportunity of import of products and knowhow from Taiwan.
    Finally we suggest tourism to be a great possibility for cultural exchange and a mean for conducting a public diplomacy. The network diplomacy extend the conduct of diplomacy to private enterprises, private people creating what we have called “the diplomacy from below” as Mohammad Khan Guive did in his famous essay “The Chinese Presence in Burkina Faso: A sino-african cooperation from Below" published in the Journal of Current Chinese Affairs in 2014.
    Appears in Collections:[國際事務與戰略研究所] 學位論文

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