The South China Sea is a sensitive area which involves multi-national interests, and is a focus of the current international attention. The South China Sea is rich in fishery resources, petroleum and gas, and has a very high strategic importance. Due to the involvement of many disputing parties and countries outside the region, its situation becomes complex and changeable. As the surrounding countries such as China, the Philippines, Vietnam, Malaysia and Indonesia have each claimed sovereignty over some or all of the reefs of the South China Sea, there has been a long dispute over its sovereignty but yet a good solution.
Facing the trouble stirred up in the South China Sea by the Philippines, Vietnam and other neighboring countries which are backed up by the United States, in the period from 2012 to 2013 China maintained a consistent position of "the sovereignty is mine, put aside disputes and jointly develop the area" in dealing with the South China Sea dispute, in 2014 it proposed "twin-track thinking" and "four respects", and in 2015 it presented its principles and position by proposing "five adherences", "three proposals" and "five proposals" to again express and iterate its attitude toward dealing with the South China Sea dispute, namely to properly resolve the dispute directly by the countries involved through negotiations and consultations, and jointly safeguard peace and stability in the South China Sea by China and the ASEAN countries. It also called on all parties to respect historical facts, international laws and regulations.
This paper focuses on China and explores the background of its friction and clashes with the neighboring countries in the South China Sea, as well as the similarities and differences of their arguments in the period from April 2012 to December 2015. The paper also induces and analyzes whether the related clashes have made a impact on the basis of China’s claim of sovereignty over the South China Sea, and what strategic objectives and means China have employed in response in order to consolidate its sovereignty claim and national interests in the South China Sea, as well as whether the related measures will affect the regional security and stability of the South China Sea.