As the relation of economic trade across the Taiwan Strait has become closer, Taiwanese businessmen are faced the issue of taxation systems of two sides when they make investment in China. Furthermore, there is opposition to tax avoidance in both Taiwan and China and they conduct their own taxation systems according to the laws. And these situations make Taiwanese businessmen are imposed double taxation. In order to avoid double taxation and tax evasion, there are usually tax agreements signed among countries. However, up to February 2015, China is still excluded from the tax agreements which Taiwan signed with other 28 countries.
To really stem the tide of double taxation, it is generally suggested that a tax agreement needs to be signed between Taiwan and China. But in 2009, the tax agreement was kept postponed around 6 years until 25th August 2015 because of the doubts about the contents of both sides. The objectives of this research are threefold. Firstly, the controversial points and process of signing Cross-Strait Taxation Agreement (CSTA) and its contents were carefully examined. Secondly, this research also investigated the influence of CSTA on Taiwanese businessmen and Taiwan. Moreover, the differences between CSTA and the ones China signed with Korea and Hong Kong is another crucial point of this research. The reasons causing these differences and how these differences influence the competitiveness of Taiwanese businessmen in China are thoroughly considered.
The results indicated that the main reason the CSTA had been postponed for 6 years is the public doubt on the information exchange. To dispel these doubts, four-NO principles were contained in the agreement, which is stricter than the ones made between China and Hong Kong and other international ones. In addition, in this agreement, China has compromised in terms of tax incentives and it is more advantageous than the one between China and Korea which increase the potential competitiveness of Taiwanese businessmen in China. Furthermore, according to Ministry of finance, after CSTA takes effect, tax revenue of Taiwanese government is expected to increase considerably by from 8.1 billion to 13.3 billion. Apart from this, CSTA can increase the competitiveness of investment environment in Taiwan.
However, even though CSTA is an important agreement for Taiwanese businessmen to prevent from double taxation and it does bring many benefits in certain aspects, it is still essential for Taiwanese businessmen to re-evaluate their corporate structures and investment plans before they decide whether they have the need to apply for this agreement. For the businessmen investing in China indirectly and preferring have their place of effective management (PEM) in Taiwan, it is suggested that there is no need for them to apply for the CSTA when the costs are much higher than the benefits.