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    Title: 美國主流意識形態的分裂 : 分析美國隊長與鋼鐵人電影
    Other Titles: Superhero movies and ideological conflicts in American culture : an analysis of Captain America and Iron Man
    Authors: 辛佳育;Shing, Ja-Yu
    Contributors: 淡江大學大眾傳播學系碩士班
    楊明昱
    Keywords: 超級英雄;恐怖主義;意識形態分裂;美國隊長;鋼鐵人;superhero;Iron Man;Captain America;Terrorism;Ideological Conflict
    Date: 2016
    Issue Date: 2017-08-24 23:47:54 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 超級英雄電影近年來在好萊塢蓬勃發展,成為美國文化工業輸出的一大主力。過去超級英雄文化就是美國流行文化中重要的一環。自超人一角誕世開始,超級英雄漫畫便與美國戰爭與政治史密不可分。如今一眾特色各異的超級英雄紛紛躍上大螢幕,成為當代不可忽視的文化景觀。本研究挑選美國隊長與鋼鐵人兩位超級英雄作分析。由於這兩位最具政治隱喻性,且他們之間的爭鋒相對受到充分鋪陳,是一場對於正義和信念的爭戰。本研究希望透過電影文本的拆解,透析英雄對抗背後的意識形態爭霸過程。

    本研究整理了超級英雄漫畫與美國政治歷史背景的連動關係,並針對八部電影進行文本分析。分析發現電影在英雄形象、故事命題到反派形象都有不同於漫畫的刻劃,也顯示出時代洪流下的意識形態流變。此外,美國隊長與鋼鐵人相關電影也蘊含了當代對恐怖主義的理解方式,包含陰謀論、內化恐怖主義,以及源自內部的脆弱和矛盾,是如何與外敵共謀,最終造成霸權的自我毀滅。

    在英雄對抗英雄的敘事脈絡中,則顯現出美國內部的主流意識形態如何彼此矛盾衝突。也就是這份龐大體系中的脆弱是如何產生的。電影將當代主流意識形態的分歧化約為兩位超級英雄的分裂。在衝突與協調的過程中,文本不僅提供了正義的課題一個辯論的框架,同時在此框架中探討了英雄的本質及其存在的可能性。
    Superhero movies have become a main force in Hollywood in recent years. Superhero has always been an important part of the American popular culture, and a integral part in the history of the American war and politics since Superman first appeared.The author chose Captain America and Iron Man for analyze since these two are full of political metaphor and have an intense relationship that allow to uncover the ideological hegemony process inherent in the superhero against each other context through textual analysis.

    This reserch analyzed eight movie content and found out that these movies provide an approach to understand terrorism. It also shows how mainstream ideologies conflict with each other in the movie narrative of “ hero against hero”.These contents provide a frame to discussing not only justice but also the possibility of the hero’s existence.
    Appears in Collections:[大眾傳播學系暨研究所] 學位論文

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