《帝鑑圖說》成書於明萬曆元年，全名《歷代帝鑑圖說》，為明朝萬曆元年(1573年)內閣首輔、大學士張居正和禮部尚書呂調陽上呈給當時年僅十歲的明神宗，是明代宮廷專給年幼皇帝的兒童讀物。《帝鑑圖說》收錄從中國古代堯舜時期到北宋徽宗，一共四千年間的帝王事蹟，全篇共一百一十七篇故事。文章淺顯易懂、故事生動有趣、附有插圖點綴等特色，讓《帝鑑圖說》在民間廣泛流傳，沿襲至今。 蘊含豐厚教育意義的《帝鑑圖說》卻鮮少人研究，十分可惜。因此本論文分析《帝鑑圖說》的內容、版畫，再與《三字經》、《二十四孝》、《養正圖解》、《龍文鞭影》、《幼學瓊林》、《弟子規》六本經典童蒙讀物比較，找出童蒙讀物的差異性與共通性，最後再用現代兒童教育理論證明《帝鑑圖說》在現代仍具教育意義與價值。 A Mirrir for the Emperor, Illustrated and Explained, established in the first year of Wan-li of Min dynasty, served as childhood reading for emperors of Min dynasty. It includes 117 articles in emperors’ stories across four thousand years from ancient China yao and shun (堯舜) era to Song Huizong (北宋徽宗). Those articles are easy understanding, active and interesting with illustrations making A Mirrir for the Emperor, Illustrated and Explained a popular book in society until now. However, it is a pity that such an educational book has been rarely studied. Therefore, this paper is to analyze the content and illustrations of A Mirrir for the Emperor, Illustrated and Explained as well as compare and contrast with six classically enlightened childhood books. We intend to locate their differences and similarities and demonstrate A Mirrir for the Emperor, Illustrated and Explained ‘s modern educational meanings and values by means of support from modern childhood educational theories.