For a long period of time, so that traditional Confucianism has been the burden of the presence of the Chinese mind the value of order and order security role. However, since the Qin Dynasty Confucius and Mencius, the Confucian representatives of the two original soul, laid the foundation for the rule of Confucianism, and later thinkers of Confucianism, we have a different understanding and reasoning. To the twenty-first century, the face of the impact of western culture, not only to China''s political and economic modernization need to learn from the West, and even the traditional ideological knowledge, but also with reference to awareness of the problem of Western philosophy, language concepts, established to work with the West important philosophical systems, compared with each other, in different places to find the same theoretical framework. Thus, the pre-Qin Confucianism in contemporary scholars approach under different interpretations, so interpretation systems for a variety of patterns.
Thesis in Modern "Mencius" Theory of Human Nature introspection as the theme, divided into seven chapters discussed, the purpose for the contemporary scholars in many controversial issues concerning Mencius research, trying to introspection and the history of ideas Document analysis procedures, clarified and reinterpreted. First, starting from the historical development, Mencius master document semantic interpretation of historical consciousness care, interpretation of ideological value judgment architecture. Then, let the achievements of outstanding academic research Professor Lao Sze-kwang and Professor Mou Zong-san , made to reflect different interpretation of Mencius deeply touching to the problems inherent in Confucian philosophy, then, the discussion about Mencius, it must be before then, based on further in their attempt to make the wisdom of architecture Mencius an open theoretical system. Next, Angus C. Graham, Irene Bloom and Roger T. Ames three scholars raised the question, why are not the same interpretation of traditional classics, cause a variety of different understandings basis. Finally, to clarify the traditional and contemporary, explain the western interpretation of Mencius caused controversy, while letting Mencius allows us to reference, hoping to make Mencius interpret context, to provide a better perspective of discourse.
In Chinese history, Mencius always have the best academic status, though two thousand years of thought, The Analysis of the Concept of Xin, Xing, Tan, Ming in Mencius'' Philosophy, it is treasure eternal wisdom. Not a fantasy can not be achieved, not from the real world, more than two antagonistic relationship in the world, but to lively projected onto the changing world, into the nature of good fortune to know and like change change. Because there is a dynamic process of unstoppable, Chinese scholars should use its position to understand the Chinese culture philosophy, to understand and grasp the overall viewing angle, abandoning restrictions, the ability to change and time of observation. Thus, a sense of spiritual value, the more will get a higher Mencius knowledge, show the modern smartest choice, it will not get lost in uneasy predicament.