|其他題名: ||A study on the historical tales of genies composed in Ming and Ching Dynasties|
|作者: ||謝乙德;Hsieh, Yi-Der|
林保淳;黃復山;Lin, Po-Chun;Huang, Fu-Shan
|關鍵詞: ||平妖傳;封神演義;三寶太監西洋記通俗演義;女仙外史;鋒劍春秋;Ping Yao Zhuan;Fengshen Yanyi;His Yang Chi;Nv Xian Wai Shi;Feng Jian Chun Qiu|
|上傳時間: ||2017-08-24 23:47:17 (UTC+8)|
Hardly any fiction researchers have been free from the far-reaching influence imposed by Lu Xun ever since his “A Brief History of Chinese Fiction” was published decades ago. The structure types of Chinese fictions established by Lu Xun are regarded as a paradigm that has guided many researchers to annotate and interpret ancient Chinese fictions over the past years. Nevertheless, many researchers of the younger generation, including Lu Xun himself, had indistinctly sensed that no one could affirm the structure types created by Lu Xun had no room for adjustment and improvement as they noted a number of works had been classified as more than one structure type because these works were unable to fit into any single type. Researchers were confused by the ambiguous classification and had hard time understanding the classification method. As a result, the evaluations and interpretations made by researchers were disorganized and biased. This is why many works have been neglected and unfairly criticized for a long time.
The author reexamined five works, namely, “Subjugation of Demons”, “The Legend of Deification”, “The Popular Romance of Eunuch Sambo’s Voyage to the West”, “The Unofficial History of Female Immortals”, and “The Warring Period of Swords”, from a brand new standpoint without using the classification method established long time ago. Actually, the five works have been classified ambiguously somewhere between “historical tales” and “genies” for a long time because there was no way to classify them with no doubt at all. Discouraged by the ambiguous classification method, many researchers were reluctant to interpret the texts. What’s more, there are all kinds of biased evaluations made by malicious researchers out of their preconceived notions.
“Historical tales of genies”, a brand new category devised by this paper, is most appropriate for the five works. The works were examined once again with no prejudice in an attempt to identify the advantages and features associated with the works. This paper is divided into three parts. In Part 1, thorough search was made to investigate the style of creation in which “history” and “genies” were blended with each other; the context of demons (devils), which had been constantly mingled with historic narrations, were sorted out from the narrative tradition subsequent to historical fictions. In Part 2, the five works were examined one after another; the materials involved in creations (story line), the writing strategies, the ideas guiding the creation, and the topics of the five works were carefully examined so as to recover the characteristics and values associated with the five works. In Part 3, the common characteristics manifested by various elements of the works, such as the subject matter of story, the plot design, the implication of subject matter, the conception of the roles and objects, were classified and summarized so as to sum up the characteristics of this category.
Starting with a brand new structure type, this paper carefully examined the five works’ topics and texts, and thus identified the authors’ thinking behind their creations as well as the thoughts implied by the five works so as to present the thoughts and literary merits of the works contained in this category and, at the same time, moderately revise the negative evaluations made by researchers out of preconceived notions without in-depth exploration.