|Abstract: || 元符三年（1100），哲宗短暫的親政七年（1093-1100）後隨即駕崩，年輕的徽宗即位，成為北宋第八任皇帝。徽宗於繼位初期，以該年發生日蝕為由，決定打開朝廷的言路，下詔求直言。皇帝希望能藉此瞭解眾人的想法，作為自己施政上的參考。許多人利用這個上書機會，向年輕的皇帝進言。這批人藉由給予剛即位不久的徽宗各方面的建議，期望能整頓朝廷與改善國家。但是到了崇寧元年（1102），徽宗卻下令中書省，將當時有參與上書的人進行登記與分類。這些人被分成正等與邪等，分別受到朝廷的獎賞與懲罰。|
Yuanfu third year (A.D. 1100), after Emperor Zhezong had been in power for brief seven years (A.D. 1093 - 1100) then passed away, the young Emperor Huizong had succeed to the Eighth Emperor of the Song dynasty. In the first year, Emperor Huizong had decided to open a channel for court to heard some genuine advice in the reason of happening an eclipse of sun. He was hoping to know people’s thinking for his references of administration. Many of them had been using this opportunity to provide advice for Emperor Huizong to rectify the court and the country. However, in Chongning first year (A.D. 1102), Emperor Huizong commanded Zhongshu Sheng to catalog and divide those people who attended Shangshu into “righteous” called “zhengdeng” and “evil” called “xiedeng” to reward or punish them.
This thesis analyzed the whole incident of Yuanfu Shangshu. By clarifying the cause and effect to understand the transition of political intention in the early administration of Emperor Huizong. First, expound the reason of Yuanfu Shangshu when Emperor Huizong had succeed in Yuanfu third year (A.D. 1100), realizing how he process government affairs, introducing the people in power, and knowing the political background at that time. Secondly, observing the political transition between Jianzhongjingguo first year (A.D. 1101) and Chongning first year (A.D. 1102) to discuss what happened to the people who had shangshu, and to analyze the data of zhengdeng shangshu and xiedeng shangshu in numbers, lives, rewards, punishments, and etc. Finally, the pardon for the xiedeng shangshu. Elaborating on the xiedeng shangshu, knowing when they got full pardon between the late Northern Song and the Southern Song Dynasty.
By discussing the cause and effect of Yuanfu Shangshu and analyzing the change of status and treatment, we could found a breakthrough point in the political conflict. Knowing the transition of attitude from valued their advice to be classified and punished by the court indicates the difference of the emperor between open to strict policy. Through this high pressure measure is not helping to stabilize the country, but aggravating kinds of problems insidiously. It also let Northern Song face the tragic end indirectly.