Korea Peninsula has been surrounded by the sea and the North faced various powers which have been acted provocations. Goryeo governed Korea Peninsula more than 500 years and has gathered the influences of building country in an initial period to confirm Buddhism as the state policy and also tried to maintain social stability. From the fourth King Gwangjong, the imperial examination system started to be held and Confucianism was formulated as government policy to enroll new and well talented people, so that Goryeo could lay down for monarchy. With the founding of Song Dynasty, came the end of Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms, but the relationships between Song Dynasty and Great Khitan Country were sensitive and oppositional, Goryeo was sure to establish her status instead. As a sovereignty state and the overall interests of the state, Goryeo has extended her diplomacy successfully. It’s the reason that Goryeo could import a large quantity of books and historical relics not only from Song Dynasty but aslo Great Khitan Country, meanwhile she gave birth to new culture in the country.
Goryeo as Peninsula surrounded by powers faced these changeable international relations, for her national interests she has acted an expedient policy, I also think it could become a good model to for Modern international situation. With the generation changed, name of country changed, made the political situation a difference. People changed and mind was changed, too. However, the land is still there, the same place. The neighbouring countries are keeping changing, there is nothing more certain which the state should select diplomatic routes and policies continuously for her interest and flourish to find her position in an international community.
A country has no permanent friends, nor permanent enemies, it has already been proved in history. Therefore, to figure out the changeable international relations and crisis at that time, the political standpoints and countermeasures taken by Goryeo means a lot. This thesis is going to review once again how historical significance the books among lots of cultural heritages of humanity. Because of rapid development of science and technology, to face the publishing has been changed gradually, we people have to introspect and take an action.