Focusing primarily on personnel staffs of elementary schools in New Taipei City, the study explored the relationship between positive thinking and job stress and subsequently investigated whether or not there is any difference in the levels of job stress and positive thinking of personnel staffs in regard to different background variables (including gender, age, level of education, position, years of service, marital status, school area, school type, and school size).
For the study, a questionnaire survey was adopted. The questionnaire “Positive Thinking and Job Stress: Taking personnel staffs of Elementary Schools in New Taipei City as Case Study”, which targeted full-time personnel staffs of elementary schools in New Taipei City and referred to related literature in forming the research framework, was prepared. Through the questionnaire survey, the study received 97 valid questionnaires in return, and the collected data were processed for related statistical analyses. According to the study’s findings, conclusions and suggestions were made in the hope of serving as reference for higher-level personnel authorities, schools, personnel staffs, and researchers conducting follow-up studies.
Important findings of the study were as follows:
1.Personnel staffs of different ages showed significant differences in their sources of job stress with respect to the interpersonal relationship, the professional knowledge and skills, the work-family conflict, and the overall job stress.
2.Personnel staffs of different positions demonstrated significant differences in their sources of job stress.
3.Personnel staffs working at different sizes of schools showed notable differences in their sources of job stress with respect to the sense of loneliness, the pressure from higher authorities, the interpersonal relationship, the role conflict, and the overall job stress.
4.Personnel staffs of different ages demonstrated noticeable differences in their levels of job stress.
5.Personnel staffs of different marital statuses showed significant differences in their positive thinking.
6.There was a significantly positive relationship between the sources of job stress and the degrees of job stress of personnel staffs.
7.A positive attitude in one’s positive thinking would help to cope with the job stress.
Based on the aforementioned conclusions, the following suggestions were proposed in the study:
1.Suggestions to higher-level personnel authorities
(1)Conducting workshops of substance and of small class size.
(2)Establishing a personnel clerk care team.
(3)Putting the “substitute staff” system into effect.
(4)Ensuring the rational allocation of personnel.
2.Suggestions to schools
(1)Putting the schedule of delegation of responsibility into practice.
(2)Respecting the professionalism of personnel staffs.
3.Suggestions to personnel staffs
(1)Actively participating in workshops on positive thinking.
(2)Establishing a positive thinking learning circle.
(3)Treating all people equally and fulfilling one’s duty.
(4)Participating in school clubs.
4.Suggestions to researchers conducting follow-up studies
(1)Changing the way the questionnaire is distributed.
(2)Broadening the scope of study subjects.
(3)Expanding the variables studied.
(4)Expanding the research method.