The legitimacy of the government and political institutions are based on citizen’s political trust.In Taiwan, past two decades, several political researchers have suggested a number of factors that may affect the level of political trust, like age, education, sex, social trust, party identification, media information, government performance and so on. The author emphasize the most two important elements which are party identification and evaluation of government performance in this article. Party identification is the people’s long-term and stable psychological attachment for the party By contrast, evaluation of government performance is the short-term attitude and easy to change. Thus, the purpose of the study is to assess the influence of party identification and government performance on political trust in Taiwan.
The datasets of public opinion survey which were collected by Taiwan’s Election and Democratization Study (TEDS) in 2004, 2008 and 2012 are used to response the research questions. There are three findings in this article. First, the party identification and evaluation of government performance simultaneously affect people’s political trust. Second, when the ruling party is re-elected, evaluation of government performance has stronger effect on people’s political trust than the other factors. On the contrary, in period of the party turnover, party identification has much more influence on people’s political trust. Third, the influence of evaluation of government performance on the people’s political trust has no significant difference between the ruling party supporters and the opposition party supporters.