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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/110636

    Title: Ecofeminism and literary resistance in a meat-centric world
    Other Titles: 生態女性主義與肉食世界中的文學抵制
    Authors: 黃素馨;Huang, Su-hsin
    Contributors: 淡江大學英文學系博士班
    Keywords: 生態女性主義;素食生態女性主義;資本主義;消失的指涉對象;專制偏見;集體冷漠;父權制;階級制;歧視;剝削;色情;賣淫;他者;社會正義;食肉文化;ecofeminism;vegetarian ecofeminism;Capitalism;absent referent;arbitrary prejudice;collective apathy;patriarchy;Hierarchy;discrimination;exploitation;pornography;Prostitution;others;inequality;social justice;carniculture
    Date: 2016
    Issue Date: 2017-08-24 23:32:04 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 「肉」在我們日常生活中扮演重要的角色,全球對肉類製品的需求產生不同形式的暴力、歧視與環境惡化問題。本論文探討李昂、露絲.尾關、厄普頓.辛克萊爾與瑪格莉特.愛特伍,如何在其作品《殺夫》、《肉年》、《叢林》與《末世男女》中闡釋肉品工業的剝削慣例與父權宰制,並揭露在肉食世界中,交織的壓迫體制與強化的地位階級。
    Meat plays an important role in our daily lives. The global demand for meat products has resulted in various forms of violence, discrimination, and environmental degradation. This dissertation discusses how Ang Li, Ruth Ozeki, Upton Sinclair, and Margret Atwood shed light on the meat industry’s exploitative and patriarchal practices in their literary works, Shafu (The Butcher’s Wife), My Year of Meats, The Jungle, and Oryx and Crake and how these literary works reveal the intersectionality of oppression and reinforcement of status hierarchy in a meat-centric world.
    Ecofeminism combines feminism and ecology, with the aim of improving environmental sustainability and achieving equal rights for all. Following Carol J. Adams’ “absent referent” and Greta Gaard’s “vegetarian ecofeminism,” this dissertation argues that the alienation and degradation of oppressed groups through language in meat-centric world exacerbates discrimination and victimizes the oppressed. Language has been used as a tool of power and social control by the ruling class, with the effect of influencing society’s attitudes and behaviors towards women and “Others,” and ensuring that they remain in socially, economically, and politically inferior positions. Ecofeminist skepticism about language helps language-users identify the racism, sexism, and speciesism present in our everyday vocabulary, and change our unconscious adherence to cultural and political biases.
    This dissertation examines the effects of language on various cultures in both Eastern and Western contexts and how carniculture, patriarchal power and global capitalism encourage violence and influences how people eat, act, think, and speak. Chapter One presents how the discrimination in our language helps strengthen patriarchal ideology and meat-centric culture. Meat / patriarchy language coerces people into supporting the system of oppression and become indifferent to other race, class, gender, or species’ suffering. Chapter Two discusses the incorporation of pork, pig offal, and pig parts into derogatory Taiwanese language renders meat consumption a habit and all forms of oppression routine. The use of meat / patriarchal language helps to reinforce social hierarchies of traditional Taiwan and contributes to collective apathy and discrimination against women, children, and animals. Chapter Three focuses on how a female body is used as a social, political, or economic tool. Chapter Four highlights violence against women and animals is often shrouded in many cultures under the guise of art or “the loving act.” The meat-centric culture encourages us to view women and animals’ bodies as commodities that can be traded and bought for pleasure, and as a result, we lose our ability to see the inequality that permeates our society. Chapter Five explores the effects of fast food and consumerism on local and global agriculture, the prevalence of meat fraud, and the environment, and how the working class struggles within the context of slaughterhouses and meat production plants. Through the exploration of these four literary works, this dissertation expects to provide a broad ethical response to environmental and all forms of violence associated with meat production and consumption.
    Appears in Collections:[英文學系暨研究所] 學位論文

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