Background: This study attempts to explore the counseling strategies and methods of drug abuse among adolescent. Method: 1. Using airiti library as a retrieval of the database, sort out the 29 papers for analysis and finishing. 2. For anti-drug counseling success of the case of the text analysis and collation, to narrative way to show the success of this case counseling factors. 3. View the relationship between the context of counseling and the counseling strategies and practice methods, and put forward a comprehensive knowledge. Results: The results show that there are 32 factors affecting the abuse of adolescent, and anti-drug counseling successful case also completed 30 factors, more than 90% consistency. Conclusions: Based on the above findings, this study constructs a juvenile drug abuse prevention and treatment table that provides a reference structure for future counselors.