Chitosan nanoparticles were prepared from chitosan with various molecular weights by tripolyphosphate (TPP) ionic gelation combined with a spray drying method. The morphologies and characteristics of chitosan nanoparticles were determined by TEM, FE-SEM and from their mean sizes and zeta potentials. The effect of chitosan molecular weight (130, 276, 760 and 1200 cPs) and size of spray dryer nozzle (4.0, 5.5 and 7.0 µm) on mean size, size distribution and zeta potential values of chitosan nanoparticles was investigated. The results showed that the mean size of chitosan nanoparticles was in the range of 166–1230 nm and the zeta potential value ranged from 34.9 to 59 mV, depending on the molecular weight of chitosan and size of the spray dryer nozzles. The lower the molecular weight of chitosan, the smaller the size of the chitosan nanoparticles and the higher the zeta potential. A test for the antibacterial activity of chitosan nanoparticles (only) and a chitosan nanoparticle–amoxicillin complex against Streptococcus pneumoniae was also conducted. The results indicated that a smaller chitosan nanoparticle and higher zeta potential showed higher antibacterial activity. The chitosan nanoparticle–amoxicillin complex resulted in improved antibacterial activity as compared to amoxicillin and chitosan nanopaticles alone. Using a chitosan nanoparticle–amoxicillin complex could reduce by three times the dosage of amoxicillin while still completely inhibiting S. pneumoniae.
Research on Chemical Intermediates 43(6), p.3527-3537