An optimal confidence region is proposed for obtaining the largest and the smallest means of a multivariate normal distribution with a common unknown variance and a non-negative correlation coefficient. The confidence region is compared to a class of asymmetric confidence regions, and the results show that it is uniformly better. Further, a design-oriented two-stage confidence region with a fixed width is also given. Finally, the optimal confidence region is applied to an experiment to measure the treatment effectiveness of a physical therapy with four independent groups and the result reveals that the proposed confidence region can provide some useful information.
Communications in Statistics: Simulation and Computation 45(3), pp.952-967