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    题名: Civil-military relations in democratizing Taiwan, 1986-2007
    作者: 曾怡碩
    日期: 2009-05-17
    上传时间: 2016-10-12 02:10:38 (UTC+8)
    摘要: This dissertation studies Taiwan's security sector refonn, one that intends to nationalize
    the anned forces and intelligence services by removing partisan political control and
    placing the security sector under state civilian governance. This dissertation asks why
    civil-military relations in Taiwan remain stable dunng this refonn process in the face of
    three major challenges: external threat posed by China, domestic democratization process,
    and organizational legacy of party-military traditions. This study posits that all three
    conditions facilitate military subordination to civilian control, but at the same time each
    presents certain challenges for the shaping of an apolitical security sector. Interviews with
    military and intelligence officers and analyses of personal memoirs of relevant
    government officials fmd that party-army traditions have facilitated the military
    subordination willIe undermining the endeavors to depoliticize the military. ]n contrast to
    conventional wisdoms, the threat environment is the least powerful factor in the
    explanation of stabilized civil-military relations in Taiwan. On the other hand, democratic
    transition and consolidation have best contributed to the institutionalization of civilian
    control and the cultivation of an apolitical ethos. Finally, this study also finds that
    interactive effects of the three conditions are at work in stabilizing civil-military relations
    when the security sector faces difficult decisions. Most indicative is the securitization
    efforts that excessively heighten the threat perceptions under Taiwan's highly divided
    society. While civilian politicians may exaggerate the threat Taiwan faces to serve their
    re-election interest, security sector actors follow the civilians' political moves to satisfy their corporate interests. At the same time, security sector actors claim that they have Dot
    fallen back to a politicized military since they simply follow and support the civilian
    leaders' decisions.
    显示于类别:[國際事務與戰略研究所] 專書

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