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    題名: Wide range ph-tolerable silicon@Pyrite cobalt dichalcogenide microwire array photoelectrodes for solar hydrogen evolution
    作者: Chih-Jung Chen;Kai-Chih Yang;Mrinmoyee Basu;Tzu-Hsiang Lu;Ying-Rui Lu;Chung-Li Dong;Shu-Fen Hu;Ru-Shi Liu
    關鍵詞: cobalt dichalcogenide;silicon microwire arrays;wide range pH toleration;hydrogen evolution;solar water splitting;co-catalyst
    日期: 2016-02-09
    上傳時間: 2016-08-15
    出版者: American Chemical Society
    摘要: This study employed silicon@cobalt dichalcogenide microwires (MWs) as wide range pH-tolerable photocathode material for solar water splitting. Silicon microwire arrays were fabricated through lithography and dry etching technologies. Si@Co(OH)2 MWs were utilized as precursors to synthesize Si@CoX2 (X = S or Se) photocathodes. Si@CoS2 and Si@CoSe2 MWs were subsequently prepared by thermal sulfidation and hydrothermal selenization reaction of Si@Co(OH)2, respectively. The CoX2 outer shell served as cocatalyst to accelerate the kinetics of photogenerated electrons from the underlying Si MWs and reduce the recombination. Moreover, the CoX2 layer completely deposited on the Si surface functioned as a passivation layer by decreasing the oxide formation on Si MWs during solar hydrogen evolution. Si@CoS2 photocathode showed a photocurrent density of −3.22 mA cm–2 at 0 V (vs RHE) in 0.5 M sulfuric acid electrolyte, and Si@CoSe2 MWs revealed moderate photocurrent density of −2.55 mA cm–2. However, Si@CoSe2 presented high charge transfer efficiency in neutral and alkaline electrolytes. Continuous chronoamperometry in acid, neutral, and alkaline solutions was conducted at 0 V (vs RHE) to evaluate the photoelectrochemical durability of Si@CoX2 MWs. Si@CoS2 electrode showed no photoresponse after the chronoamperometry test because it was etched through the electrolyte. By contrast, the photocurrent density of Si@CoSe2 MWs gradually increased to −5 mA cm–2 after chronoamperometry characterization owing to the amorphous structure generation.
    關聯: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 8(8), pp.5400–5407
    DOI: 10.1021/acsami.6b00027
    顯示於類別:[物理學系暨研究所] 期刊論文

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