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    Title: Effect of polar rotation on the formation of porous poly (vinylidene fluoride) membranes by immersion precipitation in an alcohol bath
    Authors: Chang, Hsu-Hsien;Chang, Liang-Kuei;Yang, Cheng-Dau;Lin, Dar-Jong;Cheng, Liao-Ping
    Keywords: Porous membrane;PVDF;Crystallization;Morphology;Dipole rotation
    Date: 2016-09-01
    Issue Date: 2016-08-15
    Publisher: Elsevier BV
    Abstract: Microporous poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) membranes were prepared by isothermal immersion-precipitation of PVDF/N,N-dimethylformamide (DMF) casting dopes in different alcohol baths. The formed membranes can be divided into two groups, based on the morphology and crystal type of the globular particles constituting the membrane matrix. The particles in the first group of membranes appear like a hydrangea flower composed of petal-like crystal lamellae. It was formed when precipitation was carried out in a lower-carbon alcohol bath, e.g. 1- or 2-propanol. On the other hand, when higher alcohol bath such as 1-butanol or 1-octanol bath was used as the coagulant, the formed membranes (group II) comprised compact globules whose surfaces were covered with granular identities of ca. 30 nm dia. XRD and FTIR-ATR analyses of the membranes indicate that group I membranes contain both α- and γ-type crystals, whereas group II membranes contain only γ-type crystals. Transformation of PVDF chains from γ– to α– conformation due to dipole rotation during membrane formation was delineated by 19F NMR spectroscopy. The crystallinities of the membranes were determined both by diffraction peak deconvolution and differential scanning calorimetry. Both methods indicated that the group I membranes had a crystallinity of ca. 66%, which was 5% lower than that of the group II membranes.
    Relation: Journal of Membrane Science 513, pp.186-196
    DOI: 10.1016/j.memsci.2016.04.052
    Appears in Collections:[化學工程與材料工程學系暨研究所] 期刊論文

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