Sequential pattern mining is to discover frequent sequential patterns in a sequence database. The technique is applied to fields such as web click-stream mining, failure forecast, and traf- fic analysis. Conventional sequential pattern-mining approaches generally focus only the orders of items; however, the time interval between two consecutive events can be a valuable information when the time of the occurrence of an event is concerned. This study extends the concept of the well-known pattern growth approach, PrefixSpan algorithm, to propose a novel sequential pattern mining approach for sequential patterns with time intervals. Unlike the other time-interval sequential pattern-mining algorithms, the approach concerns the time for the next event to occur more than the timing information with its precedent events. To obtain a more reliable sequential pattern, a new measure of the confidence of a sequential pattern is defined. Experiments are conducted to evaluate the performance of the proposed approach.
International Journal of Information and Management Sciences 27(2), p.129-145