Coverage is an important issue that has been widely
discussed in wireless sensor networks (WSNs). However, it is still a big challenge to achieve both purposes of full coverage and energy balance. This paper considers the area coverage problem
for a WSN where each sensor has variable sensing radius. To prolong the network lifetime, a weighted Voronoi diagram (WVD) is proposed as a tool for determining the responsible sensing region of each sensor according to the remaining energy in a
distributed manner. The proposed mechanism, called SRA, mainly consists of three phases. In the first phase, each sensor and its neighboring nodes cooperatively construct the WVD for identifying the responsible monitoring area. In the second phase, each sensor adjusts its sensing radius to reduce the overlapping
sensing region such that the purpose of energy conservation can be achieved. In the last phase, the sensor with the least remaining energy further adjusts its sensing radius with its neighbor for maximizing the network lifetime. Performance evaluation and analysis reveal that the proposed SRA mechanism outperforms
the existing studies in terms of the network lifetime and the degree of energy balance.
IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology 65(12), p.9817-9833