Purpose: The study aimed to discuss whether the learning results of swimming skills of students are impacted by genders, BMI values and social physique anxiety through 5-week swimming teaching and training. Methods: Furthermore, it will affect the swimming study effects of students. The study takes 126 junior students in Ming Chi University of Technology as study objects, and takes statistics and analysis through descriptive statistics, paired sample t test, independent sample variance and the second factor class regression. Results: The study results show that genders, BMI values and overall social physique anxiety and two perspectives (negative physique assessment anxiety), (physique in free) and other statistics analysis don’t have significant influences. At the same time, it does not discover that the social physique anxiety and gender don't produce impact for the interaction of learning affects. Conclusion: It indicates that the swimming teaching and learning effects will not be affected by high and low social physique anxiety and male or female. It is expected more studies will take social physique anxiety theory as variable basis in the future and more discussion will be on the impact of social physique anxiety to the learning effects of other sports items, so as to enhance the effectiveness of the diversification of Physical Education.