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    Title: 磁場效應對磁性奈米流體震盪式熱管之研究
    Other Titles: Investigation of magnetic field effect on the magnetic nanofluid oscillating heat pipe
    Authors: 羅新旻;Lo, Hsin-Min
    Contributors: 淡江大學機械與機電工程學系碩士班
    康尚文;Kang, Shung-Wen
    Keywords: 震盪式熱管;四氧化三鐵磁性奈米流體;磁通密度;Pulsating Heat Pipe;Fe3O4 ferrofluid;Magnetic flux density
    Date: 2015
    Issue Date: 2016-01-22 15:04:35 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 本研究使用玻璃製震盪式熱管,內、外徑分別為3 mm及6 mm,工作流體為去離子水及90 ppm之四氧化三鐵磁性奈米流體,填充率固定50 %,冷凝端操作溫度為25°C,輸入加熱功率20、60、100、140及180 W,分別在無磁場、不同磁通密度大小(1415、935及625高斯)及不同磁場施加狀態下進行實驗,利用數位攝影機拍攝記錄,觀察管路中工作流體的作動情形以及磁性奈米流體搭配磁場下對震盪式熱管之影響,並分析其熱阻。
    結果顯示,加入磁性奈米流體能夠提升震盪式熱管之性能,並且在磁場作用後,震盪式熱管之熱阻會隨著磁場強度的增強而降低;在各種實驗參數下,熱阻會隨著加熱功率增加而下降,並且在瓦數從20加至60 W時,磁場之影響最為顯著,但在較高功率時,各熱阻值均趨於一致,因此在較高功率下磁性奈米流體及磁場對於震盪式熱管之影響並不明顯。另外在磁場作用下,磁性奈米顆粒會因磁場之吸力而吸附於管壁上,在特定瓦數將磁場移除後,吸附之顆粒不會因為加熱功率及震盪頻率的增加而脫落,磁性奈米顆粒一旦受磁場作用後,將能夠穩固的吸附於管壁,並且維持震盪式熱管之熱性能。
    The present research a pulsating heat pipe (PHP) was made of glass material with an inner and outer diameters of 3 mm and 6 mm for 50 % fill ratio was employed. The heat input was applied at 20, 60, 100, 140 and 180 W. Distilled Water and Fe3O4 nanofluid with different concentrations of 90 ppm were used as working fluid, and cooling water temperature was set at 25 °C. Experiment was conducted under no magnetic field and three different magnetic flux density (1415, 935 and 625 Gause). In order to investigate the effects of ferrofluid and magnetic field on the thermal resistance of PHP, a video camera was set to observe the motion of working fluid in PHP, and temperatures were measured.
    The results showed that addition of ferrofluid can improve the performance of pulsating heat pipe, and under the magnetic field, thermal resistance reduces with an increase in magnetic flux density and heat input for all experimental parameters; When the heat input was increased from 20W to 60W, a significant drop in thermal resistance was observed. At heat inputs higher than 100W, the thermal resistance tends to be approximately same in all the tests, indicating that the ferrofluid and magnetic field have no prominent effect on PHP. In addition, particles of the ferrofluid securely deposit on the wall under the influence of magnetic field. When the magnetic field was removed at certain wattage, the deposited particles remain deposited even with increasing heat input and oscillating frequency. Once the magnetic nanoparticles are securely deposited on the wall, it was found that the thermal performance of the pulsating heat pipe also remains unchanged, irrespective of the presence of magnetic field.
    Appears in Collections:[機械與機電工程學系暨研究所] 學位論文

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