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    Title: 未來水世界 : 調適與共生之漂浮建築 : 以雲林縣成龍村為例
    Other Titles: The water world in the future : a study in the floating architecture for adaptation and symbiosis : a case study on ChengLong Village of Yunlin County
    Authors: 張至寬;Chang, Chin-Kuan
    Contributors: 淡江大學建築學系碩士班
    賴怡成
    Keywords: 調適;共生;時間性;浮動建築;竹構造;adaptation;symbiosis;timeliness;floating architecture;bamboo tectonics
    Date: 2015
    Issue Date: 2016-01-22 15:01:51 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 論文提要內容:

    台灣位於四面環海的地理位置上,南部沿海地區長期受到水患的影響,包括地層下陷、海水倒灌和海平面上升等,這是一個非常迫切需要被解決的問題。因此在這樣的環境下,本研究希望建構一種調適和共生的設計策略(包括建築和城市)與構築方式,以解決台灣南部沿海城市面對水患時的空間問題。

    架構在Alexander的調適理論和黑川紀章的共生思想上,本研究經由案例研究歸類出三種支應水患的機制,包括:兩棲、浮動和移動。再者,由於竹子的特性是支應水患重要材料,我們透過邊緣地景及相關案例和建築師訪談,去建構一種竹構系統的浮動建築。

    我們選定雲林縣成龍村為操作基地,透過對於基地水患的研究,並架構在四種時間性,包括構築、結構、空間和產業,進行了不同面向的設計操作,包括(一)當地的產業類型的研究與分析;(二)水患侵蝕的時間過程,都市受到水患的影響之後空間轉變的關係;(三)透過模矩化的竹構系統,讓使用者可以隨著環境的不同去自我調適,藉由建築的調適性與自然發生共生的關係。

    本研究所建構的浮動建築可以依據不同的時間性進行調適與共生,例如:提供居民在產業、生活和水患之間的共生關係;利用模矩化的構築系統,讓空間更具有調適性;透過當地熟悉的竹子建材與簡易的構築方式,讓建築可以更容易的被當地居民操作與使用。後續研究包括: 時間性在材料與構造的替換性,以及產業發展在時間性變化的動態支應等。
    Abstract:

    Surrounded by the sea, the southern coastal regions of Taiwan often suffered from the water disasters such as ground subsidence, sea-water intrusion and sea level rise, so it is rather urgent to solve the problems. Under such circumstance, this research attempts to work out a symbiotic and adaptive design strategy (including the architecture and the city) and construction approach to solve the space problem of Taiwan’s southern coastal cities in front of the water disasters.

    Based on Alexander’s adaptation theory and Kisho Kurokawa’s philosophy of symbiosis, this research sorts out the three mechanisms to respond to the water disasters through the case studies, including amphibious, floating and movable buildings. Besides, the properties of bamboo make it the primary material to cope with the water disasters. Inspired by the project “The Landscape of the Boundary - Material-line” of Sensation”, relevant cases and interviews with the architects, we decide to build a floating architecture of bamboo tectonics.

    We select ChengLong Village of Yunlin County as the base to approach the study. From the studies on the water disasters occurring at the base, we conducted four different designs on the four timeliness (construction, structure, space and industry), which include: (1) research and analysis of types of local industries; (2) the process of water intrusion and the relationship of space transfer in the urban area after being affected by the water disasters; (3) through the bamboo system of modular matrix, it allows the users to adapt themselves along with the different environments, and thus symbiosis with the nature can be generated through the adaptive architecture.

    The floating architecture built in the paper can make adaptation and symbiosis according to the different timeliness. For example, it provides the symbiosis between the residents and water disasters in the industries and life; by using the matrix structural system, it makes the space more adaptive; through the bamboo materials that the local people are familiar with and the simple tectonic method, it makes the architectures more applicable to local residents. The subsequent researches cover the replaceability of timeliness in material and structures, as well as the dynamic response of industrial development in front of the time change.
    Appears in Collections:[建築學系暨研究所] 學位論文

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