一、歸納透過視覺於認知上形成的心理空間輪廓有以下特性： <1> 需透過視覺暗示形成 <2> 非物裡上可視的空間形態 <3> 認知形成的心理空間輪廓為實體的延續(方向、性質、相對位置） <4> 主觀的空間界定(尚未完成，由自身經驗完成的空間形式) <5> 動態的/非完全的樣式 二、對於設計者具體可行的心理空間輪廓形式-心理空間輪廓的操作原則: <1>行為與空間關係的產生 → 接近 Approach <2>視覺上吸引力的注意 → 形成之引導 <3>空間感的形成原因 → 空間感操作 <4>空間形體之成形 → 心理空間輪廓形體成形的操作 <5>以使用者為中心形成的心理空間輪廓 → 內外之界定 Starting from the behaviors and space produced from Ma culture and Japanese tea ceremony that are common aesthetics of Japanese, the study established the formation principles of psychological space outline based on the “sensory processing” of cognitive psychology and the “perceptual organization” of vision. Topics including (1) elements of forming the space of Japanese tea ceremony, (2) interactions in the space of tea ceremony, (3) how to form the perception when tea drinkers conduct tea ceremony, and (4) features of the psychological space outline formed by perception were discussed. Then the study re-interpreted the verification rules of spatial installations of Japanese tea ceremony and defined the using behaviors based on the psychological space outline formed by perception. As high-technology products such as smart phones and pads have been prevalent, people spend more time on screens and neglect the sensory information given from real environment. The connection with current environment has been lost which results the homogeneous sense on space. By discussing the relation between human behaviors and space, the study reviewed the invisible psychological space outline between people and between people and things. Through literature review, experiment design and interview, it concluded two key points of the psychological space outline formed by visual indication.
1.The psychological space outline formed by visual perception has following features. 1)It needs to be formed by visual indication. 2)It is not a physically visible space. 3)The psychological space outline formed by perception is an extension of entity (direction, character and respective position). 4)It is a subjective spatial definition (An incomplete space form fulfilled by personal experience) 5)It is dynamic and incomplete.
2.The practice principles of psychological space outline that can be used by designers are as follows. 1)The production of the relation between behavior and space → approach 2)The attention aroused visually → the guide formed 3)The reasons of forming spatial sense → the operation of spatial sense 4)The formation of spatial shape → the operation of forming the psychological space outline 5)The psychological space outline focusing on user → defining internally and externally