English  |  正體中文  |  简体中文  |  Items with full text/Total items : 51756/86971 (60%)
Visitors : 8356284      Online Users : 97
RC Version 7.0 © Powered By DSPACE, MIT. Enhanced by NTU Library & TKU Library IR team.
Scope Tips:
  • please add "double quotation mark" for query phrases to get precise results
  • please goto advance search for comprehansive author search
  • Adv. Search
    HomeLoginUploadHelpAboutAdminister Goto mobile version
    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/105653


    Title: 結合數位製造的木構築單元聚合實驗
    Other Titles: Unit aggregation experiment of wood tectonic combining digital fabrication
    Authors: 裘芸;Chiu, Yun
    Contributors: 淡江大學建築學系碩士班
    陳珍誠;Chen, Chen-Cheng
    Keywords: 數位製造;木構造;構造;聚合;構築;氛圍;Digital Fabrication;Wood Structure;Construction;aggregation;Tectonic;Aura
    Date: 2015
    Issue Date: 2016-01-22 15:01:40 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 不同於鋼鐵、混凝土的堅固與不朽,木材是生生不息的材料。正因為木材會腐朽需要替換,木建築是一種不斷在建造的狀態,如同材料本身的溫潤觸感,木建築是生命的空間。當代的木建築除了傳統木屋、框架模組木屋,再來就是大木結構的應用,其中大部份仍然是以板材的方式使用。在木材的取材製程中以夾板的製作最為經濟,因此嘗試以夾板為材料從貧窮藝術的角度出發重新詮釋夾板。

    台灣的氣候及地理限制使得台灣土地52%為保育森林是完全無法使用的森林,台灣的土地使用在經濟開發的前提之下沒有留給經濟森林任何機會。木材並不是20世紀主流的堅固建材,因此經濟森林在台灣沒有產業價值。除了以堅固不朽當作對於建築永恆的追求,讓建築可以不斷的替換與維護更新也可以是一種長久的狀態。和其他建材相比木材是相對柔弱的材料,不同於大木建築將許多木板疊加在一起增加強度,企圖將木料做鋼性構造的表現,本研究將木板再更碎化後的元件組裝成立體單元以當作空間的構成單位,並且想像可以被拆解與替換。

    個人初次使用雷射切割機時,不經意地將木板切碎成的小單元組件以構成小的立體單元,進而再組裝聚合成立體單元組構空間。當代藉由數位機具的輔助可以快速切割出這些木構造元件,使得這樣複雜的單元設計可以被實現。藉由雷射切割機的精準與快速切割,可以很容易的實驗不同小單元構造,本研究在不同的實驗中挑戰雷射切割機與木板的限制。在設計構造單元的時候,將單元尺寸控制在30公分內,是一個人可以獨立組裝的單位尺寸。碎化的單元可以突破構成的限制增加結構力,在組裝單元時因為脫開了平面的二維向度,三維的單元的組成可以更加穩固,特別是對木材這種具有紋理方向的材料。在傳統的木構使用上大多是以垂直水平的搭接,受限於木材尺寸強度和跨距的限制;加上統一生產的原木加工,使得木構造在建築空間上的變化相對較少空間形態也多相近。但是經由雷射切割機的二次加工,使得原本單調的夾板再次分割而被組裝成有具有獨特風格的木構造單元。並且可以由下而上組合方式聚合而生長出整體空間。

    數位木構造元件組合成立體單元之後仍然具有單元的構造特徵,藉由細緻木構造單元本質的精巧、有機與光影誘發基地中的氛圍,最後以所設計的四種單元構築成位於河畔不同功能的四個小空間,藉此討論材料、構築、場所與空間詩性的關係。希望本研究結合傳統木構造與當代數位製造技術的努力,以新科技詮釋舊材料,進而發展出對於木構造建築的新想像與展望。
    Different from hardness and endurance of steel and concrete, wood is alternate material. Since wood shall be replaced from time to time due to its property of decays, wood structure is in the status of continuous re-build. With the mild touch of wood material, wood structure generates live space. Current wood structure includes traditional wood cabin, frame module wood cabin and application of timber structure, wherein most are used with wood board. Plywood is the most economic material for wood board fabrication, therefore, this research tries to re-interpret the meaning of plywood from the angle of property art.

    The restriction in climate and geography in Taiwan makes 52% of its forest serve as cultivating forest. Under the premise of economic development, Taiwan’s land use leaves no chance for economic forest. However, wood is not main building material in the 20th century, thus economic forest has no industrial value in Taiwan. Apart from the permanent pursuit of its hardness and endurance of buildings, it could be different thinking to make building continuously change, maintain and update. Comparing with other building materials, wood is relatively soft. Different from the large wood building which stacks many wood boards to increase strength, this study aims to make rigid structure assembles small pieces components into three-dimensional spatial unit and images its decomposability and replace ability.

    When I used the laser cutter for the first time, I accidently cut the wood board into small unit components and constituted a small three-dimensional unit, and then assembled into a larger three-dimensional module to compose a space. With help of digital machines and tools, these wood structure components can be cut quickly at present, by which these complicated design unit designs can be realized. Through precise and quick cutting of laser cutter, it can easily testify the constructability of different small components. The research challenges the limitations of laser cutter and wood board in different experiments. In designing the fundamental structural unit, it controls unit size within 30cm, which can be assembled by a person independently. The composition of unit fragments can reinforce the strength of the structure. During the assemblage of unit, composition of larger three-dimensional unit can be more stable because its structure, especially for wood material which has different textile directions. In traditional wood structure, it is mostly jointed by vertical and horizontal lap, which is limited to size and span of wood material. Routine processing in traditional wood production makes wood structure less flexible in architectural design and generates common spatial form. Through the machining of laser cutter, the monolithic plywood is cut into small pieces and assembled wood structure having unique style. It can be aggregated into an integral space-frame from a bottom-up composition.

    After digital small wood structure unit is composed into a larger three-dimensional structure, it keeps the original features of unit. With its essence, organism and light of meticulous wood structure, it forms aura on the site, finally to construct four small spaces on beach through four different design units, so as to discuss relationship among material, tectonic, place and poetic of space. It is expected that the research combines traditional wood structure and current digital fabrication technology to re-interpret wood material through new technology, further to develop new ideas and perspectives of wood architecture.
    Appears in Collections:[建築學系暨研究所] 學位論文

    Files in This Item:

    File Description SizeFormat
    index.html0KbHTML69View/Open

    All items in 機構典藏 are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.


    DSpace Software Copyright © 2002-2004  MIT &  Hewlett-Packard  /   Enhanced by   NTU Library & TKU Library IR teams. Copyright ©   - Feedback