Liang Shu-ming and Carsun Chang was the same as the early Republican scholars, practitioners. They begin with Confucianism as the foundation, facing the impact of Western culture, trying to open a part of Chinese culture in a way. They are known as the first contemporary Neo-Confucianism. Liang Shu-ming and Carsun Chang purpose of the study, all is in order to practice and exercise, and the two practices differ: Liang focused on rural construction; Chang engaged in political and constitutional movement. I would choose as the object of study Liang and Chang reason to see this same practice of contemporary Neo-Confucianism, their upbringing and thinking patterns have contrasting differences, resulting into a completely different outcome. I hope that through this article, so that more scholars can understand the wonderful place of Liang and Chang. Especially Chang drifting overseas, his Confucianism deserve to get more attention.
Confucianism in which there are two levels. First is the academic level, refers to the Confucian school of Confucius. Second, the cultural spirit level, refers to as a spiritual pillar of Chinese Confucian culture. For comparison of academic Confucianism, I want to interpret the Confucian academic representative works from Liang, Zhang to enter the two ideas. For comparison Confucian culture, I try to learn from them as the beginning of the definition of culture, deep into their thoughts.
Liang and Zhang to observe the cultural, social, and political systems are similar, but made different conclusions. The key difference, in their Confucianism for "rational" development, as well as "free spirit." Liang believes Chinese people''s "rational early start" restricted "rational" development; on the contrary, the "reason" stagnation also limits the breakthrough of "rational" . Zhang is not the "rational development" and "rational development" seen as something alien, he stressed that "the spirit of freedom". Remove the restrictions of the old culture and history, through the injection of new blood in the West, "the spirit of freedom", the development of a new culture belongs to the Chinese people. This new culture is the "new revival of Confucianism." Liang Shu-ming and Carsun Chang were the same as the early republican scholars and practitioners. Facing the impact of Western culture, Liang Shu-ming and Carsun Chang were based on Confucianism, and tried to open a way which belonged to Chinese culture. They were known as the first contemporary Neo-Confucianism. Liang and Chang’s purpose of study is practice and exercise. However, each of them practice their goal differently. Liang focused on rural construction; Chang engaged in political and constitutional movement. The reason I choose them to be my research objet is they are the first contemporary Neo-Confucianism and different from their background and thinking patterns, which led to different result. I hope that through the article, more scholars can understand the wonderful part of Liang and Chang’s thought. Especially Carsun Chang who lived overseas, has a chance to get more attention on his Confucianism.
Confucianism parts two level in the article one is academic, which is about Confucius; the other is the cultural spirit, which is the pillar of the spirit of Chinese culture. Compare with the Confucianism, we would like to read the representative article of Confucianism to get into their thought from Liang Shu-ming and Carsun Chang. To compare with the Confucianism of culture, we try to understand more part of the meaning of culture in the beginning in order to go into the yield of society, policts, religion and thought.
Liang and Chang’s perspective about the culture, society and politics are the same. However, they made different conclusion. The key on their opinion of Confucianism at "rational" development and "freedom spirit" is different. Liang use people’s development to be an example,if a person wanted to have full spiritual development,he or she must needs full physical development. However the rationality on Chinese culture haven’t had full development,they already started to develop rationality,this lead to the development of science, mathematic technic of industry stop. Liang believes Chinese people''s "rational early start" restricted "rational" development; on the contrary, the "reason" stagnation also limits the breakthrough of "rational", like cruel punishment in Chinese tradition. Chang don’t think the "rational development on emotion" and "rational development on things" seen as something different, he emphasized that "the spirit freedom" remove the restrictions of the old culture and history, through the injection of new blood in the West, "the spirit freedom". To development a new culture belongs to the Chinese people. This new culture is the "new revival of Confucianism."