|其他題名: ||Study of the reportages on "Down to the Countryside Movement"|
|作者: ||詹孟蓉;Chan, Meng-Jung|
|關鍵詞: ||上山下鄉;報告文學;知識青年;文化大革命;歷史評價;Down to the countryside movement;reportages;Educated youth;Cultural Revolution;historical appraisal|
|上傳時間: ||2016-01-22 14:59:56 (UTC+8)|
The aim of this thesis is to focus on the study of the reportages on “Down to the Countryside Movement”. Different perspectives concerning the policy of the Movement which were represented through a variety of reportages will be analyzed accordingly.
The structure of the thesis is divided into five chapters containing fifteen sections with approximately two hundred and thirty thousand words. Each chapter is briefly stated as follows.
Chapter one is the introduction. I will define terminology, clarify the motivation for raising arguments and set up the frame of analysis and research. Chapter two concentrates on the narrative structure which was applied to the literature of the reportages on “Down to the Countryside Movement”. This chapter is chronologically organized according to the timing which was followed by the educated youth against the historical background of the Movement. In the sections that follow, I will survey the history and evolution of the identified Movement; concern mainly on the peaks of the Movement in 1955 and 1968 under the subtitle of the “preliminary acceptance of the policy on ‘Down to the Countryside Movement’ by the educated youth”; discover the new life of the educated youth and their reportages regarding different consequences – success and/or frustration – of their establishment work under the subtitle of the ‘sweet and bitterness of the educated youth’; and finally under the subtitle of the ‘claim to return to the city and afterwards’ explore the revolt of 1978 when the educated youth, especially those on the farms and in the martial groups of manufacture and development in Yun-nan province, drastically demanded to return back to the city. My approach to the identified historical event of 1978 facilitates an understanding and investigation of different reportages whose literary concentration is on the problem of returning back to the city.
Chapter three discusses the literary characteristics of the educated youth’s reportages with an emphasis on the evaluation of the literary techniques, especially the description of the characters, applied to the reportages. I will investigate the specific and artistic way in which the historical event was described and the figures were characterized. In addition to the literariness of the reportage, the author’s creativity that is applied to depict the figures, stories and surroundings is central to my argument. In the sections that follow, I will discuss ‘heroic figures’ and ‘iron lady’ who are typical of the reportages; question the image of the cadre members who were supposed to be the executives of the policy, yet became the ‘inflicters’ through different reportages; and eventually acknowledge the cadre members who provided shelters for the educated youth.
Chapter four is the pivot of the thesis filled with the “evaluation of the ‘Down to the Countryside Movement’.” In the sections that follow, I will look at the problem from economic and political perspectives and define it from the point of view before and after the Cultural Revolution in order to properly locate the Movement. Furthermore, I will examine the ‘price’, either the life or the money, the educated youth and the Chinese government paid for the lesson on the Movement. In the end, the collective memory of the educated youth for the Movement and its relationship to the textual materials will be analyzed as a threshold of further exploring the influence of the Movement on the next generation the educated youth, the peasants and China itself.
Chapter five is the conclusion in which a general discussion of the policy on ‘Down to the Countryside Movement’ in a variety of reportages will be mentioned.