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|Other Titles: ||The hundred schools of thought in the annals of Lü Buwei|
|Authors: ||薛榕婷;Xue, Rong-Ting|
|Keywords: ||呂氏春秋;先秦諸子學術;治國方略;九流十家;學術轉變;文獻體例論;十二紀;八覽;六論;Hundred Schools of Thought in the pre-Qin period;Nine Schools of Thought and Xiaoshuojia (School of Minor-talks);Theory of Document Formats;twelve Almanacs / Ji;eight Examinations / Lan;six Discourses / Lun|
|Issue Date: ||2016-01-22 14:59:49 (UTC+8)|
In the last years of Warring States period, Lü Buwei, the Chancellor of Qin state, led the writing and editing of the last pre-Qin academic publication on Chinese philosophy. As this publication was regarded as a comprehensive documentary covering every subject since the beginning of history, it was hence named “Lüshi Chunqiu / The Spring and Autumn Annals of Lü Buwei”。
It had always been a tradition in Qin state to hire advisors from other states. For example, Lü Buwei himself was actually from Wei. Just like the Four Lords of the Warring States, Lü Buwei also cultivated and housed many talented house-guests from every state. The number of these guests ran up to as high as three thousands. They contributed what they had learned from every corner of the states to Lü’s Annals and therefore, its content became very rich and complex. Enormous projects like “Lüshi Chunqiu” could only be made possible when the conditions in economy, society and development were right.
As Qin state was close to defeating other states and uniting the realm, the perspective of “Lüshi Chunqiu” was tailored for the future emperor to rule a long-lasting empire. The book presents thorough observation on history, politics and international affairs. In section Xuyi Pian, it suggests that the ruler learns from the principles of natural world for the harmony among people, society and the Nature.
The theories laid out in “Lüshi Chunqiu” and by “Hundred Schools of Thought” mainly focused on statecraft. However, these political proposals were actually not that favored by Zheng, the King of Qin state. Nevertheless, these diverse ideas still subtly formed the foundation of the political theories in the following dynasty, Han, when free academic opinions became constrained and regulated by its central government. Therefore, “Lüshi Chunqiu” was a very influential publication at the point of this transition.
|Appears in Collections:||[中國文學學系暨研究所] 學位論文|
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